The Maine Masonic Text Book compiled by P.G.M. Josiah H. Drummond
was originally published by the Grand Lodge of Maine in 1877 for the purpose
of assisting the lodges in resolving the questions which continually arise,
and as a monitor of the various ceremonies.
The sixteenth edition has been printed without the "Digest of Decisions."
It is important to publish the "Digest of Decisions in a format which
can be readily updated. In past formats, each Grand Master's Decisions
have had to remain unprinted until the supply of text books ran out, and
a new edition was printed. Not having the Digest of Decisions printed
in the Text Book allows the book to remain current.
The "Digest of Decisions" can be purchased separately or with
the Constitution and Standing Regulations of the Grand Lodge of Maine.
The Institution of Masonry, or Freemasonry (for these terms are used
indiscriminately), is founded upon the Fatherhood of God and the Brotherhood
of Man: it. therefore, necessarily teaches Morality, Brotherly Love, and
Charity: its method of teaching is chiefly by symbols: it has many forms
and ceremonies, but these are all intended to teach and impress upon the
mind the great principles of the Institution: its votaries are seeking
after Truth, symbolized by Light.
A Provincial Grand Lodge was formed in Massachusetts under the authority
of the Grand Lodge of England, in 1733; and another, under the authority
of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, in 1769: during the revolution, these
Bodies declared themselves independent of their Mother Grand Lodges, and,
in 1792, both united as the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. The first lodge
in Maine PORTLAND) was chartered by the English Provincial Grand Lodge;
the second (WARREN) by the Scottish Provincial Grand Lodge; and the third
(LINCOLN) by the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
When Maine became an independent State in 1820, the Lodges, thirty-one
in number, formed the Grand Lodge of Maine, in accordance with the well
settled principle of Masonic law, that the lodges in every independent
State are of right entitled to form a Grand Lodge for that State. The
Grand Lodge of Maine exercises exclusive Masonic jurisdiction in this
State, and any lodge, organized by any other authority, is illegal and
clandestine, with which, or with whose members, no Masonic intercourse
can be held.
A Lodge cannot he legally opened in this State without the presence of
the Charter or Charter Certificate as well as the Furniture. When the
hour of meeting has arrived and the W. Master has ascertained that the
charter is present and the lodge furnished, he gives one rap with the
gavel, directs the Brethren to he clothed and the Officers to invest themselves
with their jewels and repair to their respective stations, and proceeds
to open the lodge. He must open it on the third degree, unless the business
he the conferring of the first or second degree, as all other business
must be transacted in a Master's lodge. To ballot on petitions, there
must he at least seven members of the lodge present: for other purposes
the ritual number is sufficient, unless the bylaws otherwise provide.
A prayer must he made or read, or a charge given, at opening or closing
PRAYER AT OPENING A LODGE
Most merciful God! Supreme Architect of Heaven and Earth. We beseech
Thee to guide and protect these brethren here assembled, and fulfill at
this time that divine promise Thou wert pleased to make to those who should
be gathered together in Thy name. Teach us to know and serve Thee aright
Bless us and prosper us in all our laudable undertakings, and grant that
our conduct may tend to Thy glory, to the advancement of Freemasonry,
and finally to our own salvation in that blessed kingdom where Thy children
shall find rest. AMEN
Response. So mote it be.
O Lord, our Heavenly Father, the High and Mighty Ruler of the Universe,
who dost from Thy throne behold all the dwellers upon earth, direct us,
we beseech Thee, in all our doings, with Thy most gracious favor, and
further us with Thy continual help, that in all our works begun, continued
and ended in Thee, we may glorify Thy holy name and as Thou hast taught
us, in Thy Holy Word, that all our doings, withoutcharity, are nothing
worth; send Thy Holy Spirit, and pour into our hearts the most excellent
gift of Charity, the very bond of peace and of all virtues, without which
whosoever liveth is counted dead before Thee.
Bless and prosper, we pray Thee, every branch and member of this our
Fraternity, throughout the habitable earth. May Thy kingdom of peace,
love and harmony come. May Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven,
and the whole world be filled with Thy glory. Amen.
Response. So mote it be.
CHARGE AT OPENING A LODGE
Behold! how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together
It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the
beard, even Aaron's beard, that went down to the skirts of his garments.
As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains
of Zion: for there the Lord commanded a blessing, even life forevermore.
PRAYER AT CLOSING A LODGE
O God, our Creator, Preserver, and Benefactor, unto whom all hearts are
open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid, we heartily
thank Thee for the fraternal communion that we have been permitted through
Thy kind providence to enjoy. May we be ever mindful that it is in Thee
that we live, move and have our being; that every good gift cometh from
Thee. Bless our humble labors for the promotion of truth and love, unity
and peace. Continue to extend Thy gracious favor to our beloved institution,
and make it more and more an agency for good among men.
Dismiss us with thy blessing. Go with us as we return to our homes. Be
with us while engaged in the active affairs and duties of this life. So
influence our hearts and minds that we may faithfully practice out of
the lodge the great moral duties which are inculcated in it; and with
reverence study and obey the laws which Thou hast given us in Thy Holy
Word; and to Thee shall be all the praise. Amen.
Response. So mote it be.
CHARGE AT CLOSING A LODGE
Brethren: We are about to quit this sacred retreat of friendship and
virtue, to mix again with the world. Amidst its concerns and employment's
forget not the duties which you have heard so frequently inculcated and
so forcibly recommended in this lodge. Be diligent, prudent, temperate,
discreet. remember that around this altar you have promised to befriend
and relieve every brother who shall need your assistance. You have promised,
in the most friendly manner to remind him of his errors, and aid a reformation.
These generous principles are to extend further. Every human being has
a claim upon your good offices. Do good unto all. Recommend it more especially
to "the household of the faithful."
Finally, Brethren, be ye all of one mind; live in peace; and may the
God of love and peace delight to dwell with and bless you.
May the blessing of Heaven rest upon us, and all regular Masons! May
brotherly love prevail, and every moral and social virtue cement us! Amen.
Response. So mote it be.
FORM FOR MINUTES
Stated Communication of Portland Lodge, No.1, held in Masonic Hall in
Portland, Wednesday, October 4, A. D. 1876, A. L. 5876.
[Give the name of each officer, designating those temporarily filling
any chair by the word" as "between the name and the office.)
[The old custom of giving the names of the members present, is, in some
places, no longer observed; but the Secretary who fails to record them
neglects his duty.]
[Give their names and the name of the lodge from which each hails.)
Lodge opened on the Master's degree. The records of the last stated meeting,
and of all subsequent special meetings, were read and confirmed.
The petition of John Doe for the degrees of masonry, with the usual deposit,
was received and referred to the Committee of Inquiry.
The committee of Inquiry reported upon the petition of Richard Roe; their
report was accepted, the ballot spread, and Richard Roe was elected to
receive the degrees within the gift of the lodge.
The Committee of Inquiry reported upon the petition of John Roe; their
report was accepted, the ballot spread, and he was declared rejected.
[The other business transacted is recorded in a similar manner.]
The minutes were read and approved.
No further business appearing, the lodge was duly closed in peace and
It is the prerogative of the Master to determine what proceedings of
the lodge are proper to be recorded, and he should sign the minutes, thereby
giving them his sanction.
ADMISSION OF CANDIDATES
THE FIRST DEGREE
When a candidate, whom a Mason is willing to recommend, desires to apply
for initiation, care must be taken that he presents his petition to the
lodge nearest his residence. The determination of the place of one's residence
is often difficult, especially in Maine, from which so many young men
go away into other States to seek employment. the residence, intended
by our Constitution, is the home where the party has the right to vote
and is bound to pay taxes. This test will generally settle the question,
but no rule can be given by which every case can be decided.
By a regulation, adopted by most of the Grand Lodges in America, no candidate
for the mysteries of Masonry can be initiated without having been proposed
at a previous meeting of the lodge (except by dispensation from the Grand
Master) in order that no one may be introduced without due inquiry relative
to his character and qualifications.
The application must be in writing over the signature of the applicant,
and state his age, residence, that he has resided in the state one year
and in the jurisdiction of the lodge the six months next preceding (except
as elsewhere provided) and whether he has made application to and been
rejected by any lodge, also give all the information called for in the
Questionnaire attached to and made a part of the application; and it is
further required the application, questions and answers be filed by the
lodge for permanent preservation.
This blank should be filled out by the Candidate in his own handwriting
and is a part of his application.
1. Name in full, (Middle Initial not sufficient)
2. Place and exact date of birth ?
3. Single, married or widower?
4. If married, how many in family?
5. Do you believe in God, the Author, Creator and Ruler of the universe?
6. What church do you attend?
7. Of what secret societies or organizations are you now a member?
8. Name of your father and address if living
9. Is he or was he a Mason?
10. Places in which you have lived during past ten years, with approximate
time in each place
11. If not a professional man give names and addresses of your employers
or business associates for the past ten years
12. Have you ever been respondent in a criminal case in court? If so
13. Where were you educated?
14. Have you ever before applied for the degrees to any Lodge of Masons?
15. If so, where? When?
16. Is your financial position such that in becoming a Mason, you will
be able to pay promptly the annual dues and assessments, if any, of the
Masonic lodge of which you may become a member?
17. Is this application made of your own free will, or was it solicited?
I To the Officers and Brethren of.......................................Lodge
of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, at ............................................................
The subscriber, aged_______ years, and by occupation a ______________respectfully
states that he is a resident of _________________ that he has actually
resided within the jurisdiction of said lodge for more than six months
last past, and within the State of Maine for the year past; that, unbiased
by friends, and uninfluenced by mercenary motives, he freely and voluntarily
offers himself a candidate for the mysteries of Freemasonry; that if admitted
he will cheerfully conform to all the ancient established usage's and
customs of the Fraternity; that he knows no physical, legal or moral reason
which should prevent his becoming a Freemason; and that he has before
offered himself as a candidate to any lodge.
We hereby certify, that we are personally acquainted with Mr____________________________
above named, and do hereby recommend and propose him as a worthy candidate
for the mysteries of Masonry, and that the statements in his petition
as to his residence are true.
The foregoing application was presented to __________________________________,
Lodge, on the ______________ day of _______________
A.L. 60____________and referred to a Committee of Inquiry.
We have made all due inquiry relative to the character, standing and
eligibility of the above applicant, and do cheerfully recommend him as
suitably qualified, worthy of the honor he solicits, and within the jurisdiction
of this lodge.
__________________Committee of Inquiry
Great care should be taken that the candidate fully understands the statements
in the petition, and to ascertain definitely whether he has ever before
applied for the degrees to any lodge, under any jurisdiction. If practicable,
the candidate should examine the Constitution of the Grand Lodge and the
bylaws of the lodge before he presents his petition.
When the petition is presented, if it appears on its face that the lodge
has no jurisdiction of the candidate, it should not be received, but be
returned to him; if the lodge appears to have jurisdiction, the petition
should be referred to the Committee of Inquiry: after its reference, it
cannot be withdrawn by the petitioner until after a favorable ballot.
The first duty of the committee is to ascertain beyond question whether
the lodge has jurisdiction: if they find that it has not, they should
report that fact to the lodge, and if jurisdiction cannot be obtained,
the petition must be returned. If the candidate does not reside within
the jurisdiction of the lodge, or has not resided there the required time,
or is physically disqualified, or has been previously rejected by another
lodge, the lodge has no jurisdiction unless it obtains the consent of
the other lodge, in those cases in which consent gives jurisdiction. If
the committee find that the lodge has jurisdiction, they then inquire
and report on the fitness of the candidate to be made a Masonic duty to
be performed with Zealous care and prudence, and "without fear, favor
or affection": and the character of their report, whether favorable
or unfavorable, should never be entered of record.
If the candidate is accepted, and no objection is made, the Master proceeds
to initiate him at such time as he deems proper.
During the preparation of the candidate, only the Junior Deacon and the
Stewards should be in the preparation room with him.
Before the candidate is prepared for the first degree he should give
unequivocal answers to the following questions:
I. Do you seriously declare upon your honor, before these witnesses,
that, unbiased by friends, and uninfluenced by mercenary motives, you
freely and voluntarily offer yourself a candidate for the mysteries of
II. Do you seriously declare upon your honor, before these witnesses
that you are prompted to solicit the privileges of Masonry, by a favorable
opinion conceived of the Institution, a desire for knowledge, and a sincere
wish to be serviceable to your fellow creatures?
III. Do you seriously declare upon your honor, before these witnesses,
that you will cheerfully conform to all the ancient established usage's
and customs of the Fraternity?
FORMS OF PRAYER SUITABLE TO BE USED AT THE RECEPTION
OF A CANDIDATE
I. Vouchsafe Thine aid, Almighty Father of the Universe, to this present
convention; and grant that this candidate for Masonry may dedicate and
devote his life to Thy service, and become a true and faithful Brother
among us. Endue him with a competency of Thy Divine Wisdom, that, by the
influence of the pure principles of our Order, he may the better be enabled
to display the beauties of Brotherly Love, Relief and Truth, to the honor
of Thy Holy Name. Amen.
Response. So mote it be.
II. O Thou, who art the Author of peace and Lover of concord, bless us
in the exercise of those kind and social affections Thou hast given us.
May we cherish and display them as our honor and our joy. May this, our
friend, who is now to become our Brother, devote his life to Thy service,
and consider a right the true principles of his engagements. May he be
endowed with wisdom to direct him in all his ways; strength to support
him in all his difficulties; and beauty to adorn his moral conduct. And
may we each and all walk within compass, and square our actions by the
dictates of of conscience and virtue. May we appreciate and follow the
examples of the wise and good, and be ever obedient to the precepts of
Thy Holy Word. Amen Response. So Mote it be
III. Almighty and Everlasting God, In whom alone is our trust, and who,
in Thy holy Word, hast brought life and immortality to light, defend this
Thy servant with Thy heavenly grace, that he may continue Thine forever.
Strengthen him with the spirit of wisdom and understanding; endue him
with the fear of Thy Holy name; increase in him, more and more, the spirit
of Charity and the love of Truth. Let Thy Fatherly hand ever be over him;
let Thy Spirit ever be with him; and so lead him in the knowledge and
the obedience of Thy Holy Word, that, having finished his course below,
he may at last pass peacefully and joyfully to mansions of rest in Thy
Temple above, that house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Response. So mote it be.
Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for Brethren to dwell together
in unity ! It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down
upon the beard, even Aaron's beard; that went down to the skirts of his
garments; as the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the
mountains of Zion; for there the Lord commanded the blessing, even life
The following hymn may be used instead of the lesson:
Music Auld Lang Syne.
Behold! how pleasant and how good,
For Brethren such as we,
Of the Accepted Brotherhood,
To dwell in unity.
'Tis like the oil on Aaron's head,
Which to his feet distills;
Like Hermon's dew, so richly shed
On Zion's sacred hills.
For there the Lord of light and love,
A blessing sent with power;
O may we all this blessing prove,
E'en life for evermore.
On Friendship's altar rising here,
Our hands now plighted be,
To live in love, with hearts sincere,
In peace and unity.
THE LAMBSKIN, OR WHITE LEATHER APRON.
Is an emblem of innocence, and the badge of a Mason; more ancient than
the Golden Fleece or Roman Eagle; more honorable than the Star and Garter,
or any other Order that can be conferred upon you at this or any future
period, by King, Prince, Potentate, or any other person, except he be
a Mason, and which I hope you will wear with pleasure to yourself and
honor to the Fraternity.
THE TWENTY-FOUR INCH GAUGE.
Is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to measure and lay out
their work; but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, are taught to make use
of it for the more noble and glorious purpose of dividing our time. It
being divided into twenty-four equal parts, is emblematical of the twenty-four
hours of the day, which we are taught to divide into three equal parts,
whereby we find eight hours for the service of God and a distressed worthy
Brother; eight for our usual vocations; and eight for refreshment and
The common gavel is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to
break off the corners of rough stones, the better to fit them for the
builder's use, but we as Free and Accepted Masons are taught to make use
of it for the more noble and glorious purpose of divesting our minds and
consciences of all the vices and superfluities of life, thereby fitting
us as living stones for that spiritual building, that house not made with
hands, eternal in the heavens.
THE BADGE OF A MASON.
The lamb has in all ages been deemed an emblem of innocence. He, therefore,
who wears the lambskin as a badge of Masonry, is thereby continually reminded
of that purity of life and conduct which is essentially necessary to his
gaining admission into the Celestial Lodge above, where the Supreme Architect
of the Universe presides.
Is a certain number of Masons duly assembled, having the Holy Bible,
Square and Compasses, with a charter or warrant empowering them to work.
THE FORM OF A LODGE.
* * * * *
THE SUPPORTS OF A LODGE.
Our Institution is said to be supported by three great pillars, called WISDOM, STRENGTH and BEAUTY. It is necessary there should
be Wisdom to contrive, Strength to support, and Beauty to adorn all great
and important undertakings.
It is no less than the clouded canopy or starry decked heaven, where
all good masons hope at last to arrive, by the aid of that theological
ladder which Jacob in his vision saw ascending from earth to heaven called
Jacob's Ladder, the three principal rounds of which are called Faith,
Hope and Charity. The greatest of these is Charity, because our Faith
may be lost in sight, Hope ends in fruition, but Charity extends beyond
the grave through the boundless realms of eternity.
The HOLY BIBLE, the SQUARE and the COMPASSES. The Holy Bible we dedicate
to God, the Square to the Master and the Compasses to the Craft.
The Bible we dedicate to God because it is the inestimable gift of God
to man *** the Square to the Master, because it is the proper Masonic
emblem of his office; and the compasses to the Craft, because by its use,
we are taught to circumscribe our desires, and keep our passions within
The Mosaic Pavement, Indented Tessel, and Blazing Star.
The Mosaic Pavement is a representation of the ground floor of King Solomon's
Temple; the Indented Tessel, of that beautiful tesselated border, or skirting,
which surrounded it,with the Blazing Star in the center. The Mosaic Pavement
is emblematical of human life, checkered with good and evil; the beautiful
border which surrounds it, of those manifold blessings and comforts which
surround us, and which we hope to obtain by a faithful reliance on Divine
Providence, which is hieroglyphically represented by the Blazing Star
in the center.
The movable jewels are the SQUARE, LEVEL and PLUMB.
The Square teaches morality, the Level equality, and the Plumb rectitude
The immovable jewels are the ROUGH ASHLAR, the PERFECT, ASHLAR and the
The Rough Ashlar is a stone as taken from the quarry, in its rude and
natural state. The Perfect Ashlar is a stone made ready by the hands of
the workmen, to be adjusted by the working tools of the Fellow Craft.
The TrestleBoard is for the Master to draw his designs upon.
By the Rough Ashlar we are reminded of our rude and imperfect state by
nature; by the Perfect Ashlar, of that state of perfection at which we
hope to arrive, by a virtuous education, our own endeavors, and the blessing
of God; and, by the TrestleBoard, we are also reminded, that, as the operative
workman erects his temporal building agreeably to the rules and designs
laid down by the Master on his TrestleBoard, so should we, both operative
and speculative, endeavor to erect our spiritual building agreeably to
the rules and designs laid down by the Supreme Architect of the Universe,
in the great books of Nature and Revelation, which are our spiritual,
moral and Masonic TrestleBoard.
Lodges in ancient times were dedicated to King Solomon In modern
times to St. John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist, two eminent
Christian patrons of Freemasonry; and since their time there has been
represented in every regular and well furnished lodge, a certain point
within a circle embordered by two perpendicular parallel lines, representing
Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. Upon the top of
the circle rests the Book of Holy Scriptures. The point represents an
individual Brother; the circle, the boundary line of his duty. In going
around this circle, we necessarily touch on the two parallel lines, as
well as on the Book of Holy Scriptures; and while a Mason keeps himself
circumscribed within their precepts, it is impossible that he should materially
By the exercise of Brotherly Love we are taught to regard the whole human
species as one family the high and low, rich and poor; who, as created
by one Almighty Parent, and inhabitants of the same planet, are to aid,
support and protect each other. On this principle, Masonry unites men
of every country, sect and opinion, and conciliates true friendship among
those who might otherwise have remained at a perpetual distance.
To relieve the distressed is a duty incumbent on all men, but particularly
on Masons, who profess to be linked together by an indissoluble chain
of sincere affection. To soothe the unhappy, sympathize with their misfortunes,
compassionate their miseries, and restore peace to their troubled minds,
is the grand aim we have in view. On this basis we form our friendships
and establish our connections.
Truth is a divine attribute, and the foundation of every virtue. To be
good and true is the first lesson we are taught in Masonry. On this theme
we contemplate, and by its dictates endeavor to regulate our conduct.
Hence, while influenced by this principle, hypocrisy and deceit are unknown
among us; sincerity and plain dealing distinguish us, and the heart and
tongue join in promoting each other's welfare and rejoicing in each other's
The four Cardinal virtues are Temperance, Fortitude, Prudence and Justice
Is that due restraint upon our affections and passions, which renders
the body tame and governable, and frees the mind from the allurements
of vice. This virtue should be the constant practice of every Mason, as
he is thereby taught to avoid excess, or the contracting of any licentious
or vicious habit, the indulgence in which might lead him to disclose some
of those valuable secrets which he has promised to conceal and never reveal,
and which would consequently subject him to the contempt and detestation
off all good Masons.****
Is that noble and steady purpose of the mind whereby we are enabled to
undergo any pain, peril or danger, when prudentially deemed expedient.
This virtue is equally distant from rashness and cowardice; and, like
the former, should be deeply impressed upon the mind of every Mason, as
a safeguard or security against any illegal attack that may be made, by
force or otherwise, to extort from him any of those valuable secrets,
with which he has been so solemnly entrusted, and which was emblematically
represented upon his first admission into the lodge;** ***
Teaches us to regulate our lives and actions agreeably to the dictates
of reason, and is that habit by which we wisely judge and prudentially
determine, on all things relative to our present as well as to our future
happiness. This virtue should be the peculiar characteristic of every
Mason, not only for the government of his conduct while in the lodge,
but also when abroad in the world. It should be particularly attended
to in all strange and mixed companies, never to let fall the least sign,
token or word, whereby the secrets of Freemasonry may be unlawfully obtained
Is that standard or boundary of right, which enables to render unto every
man his just due, without distinction. This virtue is not only consistent
with divine and human laws, but is the very cement and support of civil
society; and as justice in a great measure constitutes the really good
man, so should it be the invariable practice of every Mason never to deviate
from the minutest principle thereof;
BROTHER: AS you are now introduced into the first principles
of Masonry, I congratulate you on being accepted into this ancient and
honorable order; ancient, as having subsisted from time immemorial; and
honorable, as tending in every particular, so to render all men who will
be conformable to its precepts. No institution was ever raised on a better
principle, or more solid foundation; nor were ever more excellent rules
and useful maxims laid down, than are inculcated in the several Masonic
lectures. The greatest and best of men in all ages have been encourages
and promoters of the art, and have never deemed it derogatory from their
dignity to level themselves with the fraternity, extend their privileges,
and patronize their assemblies.
There are three great duties, which, as a Mason, you are charged to inculcate
to God, your neighbor, and yourself. To God, in never mentioning his name
but with that reverential awe which is due from a creature to his creator;
to implore his aid in all your laudable undertakings, and to esteem him
as the chief good: to your neighbor, in acting upon the square, and doing
unto him as you wish he should do unto you: and to yourself, in avoiding
all irregularity and intemperance, which may impair your faculties or
debase the dignity of your profession. A zealous attachment to these duties
will ensure public and private esteem.
In the State, you are to be a quiet and peaceful subject, true to your
government, and just to your country; you are not to countenance disloyalty
or rebellion, but patiently submit to legal authority, and conform with
Cheerfulness to that government of the country in which you live.
In your outward demeanor be particularly careful to avoid censure or
reproach. Let not interest, favor, or prejudice, bias your integrity or
influence you to be guilty of a dishonorable action. Although your frequent
appearance at our regular meetings is earnestly solicited, yet it is not
meant that Masonry should interfere with your necessary vocations; for
these are on no account to be neglected; neither are you to suffer your
zeal for the Institution to lead you into argument with those who, through
ignorance, may ridicule it. At your leisure hours, that you may improve
in Masonic knowledge, you are to converse with well informed brethren,
who will be always as ready to give, as you will be ready to receive,
Finally: keep sacred and inviolable the mysteries of the order, as these
are to distinguish you from the rest of the community, and mark your consequence
among Masons. If, in the circle of your acquaintance, you find a person
desirous of being initiated in to Masonry, be particularly attentive not
to recommend him, unless you are convinced he will conform to our rules;
that the honor, glory and reputation of the Institution may be firmly
established, and the world at large convinced of its good effects.
The Master is the judge as to the proper time for the advancement of
a candidate: but be should not be advanced until he has made himself sufficiently
familiar with the preceding degree to be able to work his way into a lodge
open on that degree. If objections are made to his advancement, they must
be submitted to the lodge and their sufficiency determined by a two thirds
Thus he showed me: and behold the Lord stood upon a wall made by a plumbline,
with a plumbline in his hand.
And the Lord said unto me, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, a plumbline.
Then said the Lord, I behold, I will set a plumbline in the midst of my
people? Israel: I will not again pass by them any more.
In some jurisdictions, the following lesson is read:
Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity,
I am become as sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have
the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge,
and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have
not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the
poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it
profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth
not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself
unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil;
rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; beareth all things,
believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. And now
abideth faith, hope and charity, these three; but the greatest of these
The following hymn may be used in place of the lesson:
Had I the gift of tongues,
Great God, without thy grace,
My loudest words, my loftiest songs,
Would be but sounding brass.
Though Thou shouldst give me skill,
Each mystery to explain;
Without a heart to do Thy will,
My knowledge would be vain,
Had I such faith in God,
As mountains to remove,
No faith could work effectual good,
That did not work by love.
Grant, then, this one request,
Whatever be denied,
That love divine may rule my breast,
And all my actions guide.
The plumb is an instrument made use of by operative masons, to raise
perpendiculars; the square, to square their work; and the level, to lay
horizontals; but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, are taught to make use
of them for more noble and glorious purposes: the plumb admonishes us
to walk uprighty in our several stations before God and man, squaring
our actions by the square of virtue, and remembering that we are traveling
upon the level of time, to "that undiscovered country, from whose
bourne no traveler returns."
Masonry is considered under two denominations: operative and speculative.
By Operative Masonry we allude to a proper application of the useful
rules of architecture, whence a structure will derive figure, strength
and beauty, and from which will result a due proportion and just correspondence
in all its parts. It furnishes us with dwellings, and convenient shelters
from the vicissitudes and inclemency's of the seasons; and while it displays
the effects of human wisdom, as well in the choice as in the arrangement
of the sundry materials of which an edifice is composed, it demonstrates
that a fund of science and industry is implanted in man, for the best,
most salutary and beneficent purposes.
By Speculative Masonry we learn to subdue the passions, act upon the
square, keep a tongue of good report, maintain secrecy, and practice charity.
It is so far interwoven with religion as to lay us under obligations to
pay that rational homage to Deity which at once constitutes our duty and
our happiness. It leads the contemplative to view with reverence and admiration
the glorious works of creation, and inspires him with the most exalted
ideas of the perfection's of his Divine Creator.
God created the heaven and the earth, and rested upon the seventh day;
the seventh therefore our ancient brethren consecrated as a day of rest
from their labors, thereby enjoying frequent opportunities to contemplate
the glorious works of the creation and to adore their great Creator.
The globes are two artificial spherical bodies, on the convex surface
of which are represented the countries, seas, and various parts of the
earth, the face of the heavens, the planetary revolutions, and other particulars.
The sphere, with the parts of the earth delineated on its surface, is
called the terrestrial globe; and that with the constellations, and other
heavenly bodies, the celestial globe.
Their principal use, beside serving as maps to distinguish the outward
parts of the earth, and the situation of the fixed stars, is to illustrate
and explain the phenomena arising from the annual revolution, and the
diurnal rotation of the earth round its own axis. They are the noblest
instruments for improving the mind, and giving it the most distinct idea
of any problem or proposition, as well as enabling it to solve the same.
Contemplating these bodies, we are inspired with a due reverence for the
Deity and the works, and are induced to encourage the studies of astronomy,
geography, navigation, and the arts dependent on them, by which society
has been so much benefited.
By order in architecture, is meant a system of all the members, proportions
and ornaments of columns and pilasters; or, it is a regular arrangement
of the projecting parts of a building, which, united with those of a column,
form a beautiful, perfect, and complete whole.
From the first formation of society, order in architecture may be traced.
When the rigor of seasons obliged men to contrive shelter form the inclemency
of the weather, we learn that they first planted trees on end, and then
laid others across to support a covering. The bands, which connected those
trees at the top and bottom, are said to have given rise to the idea of
the base and capital of pillars, and from this simple hint originally
proceeded the more improved art of architecture.
The five orders are thus classed: The Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian,
Is the most simple and solid of the five orders. it was invented in Tuscany,
whence it derives its name. Its column is seven diameters high; and its
capital, base, and entablature have but few mouldings. The simplicity
of the construction of this column renders it eligible where ornament
would be superfluous.
Which is plain and natural, is the most ancient, and was invented by
the Greeks. Its column is eight diameters high, and has seldom any ornaments
on base or capital, except mouldings; though the frieze is distinguished
by triglyphs and metopes, and triglyphs compose the ornaments of the frieze.
The solid composition of this order gives it a preference, in structures
where strength and noble simplicity are chiefly required.
The Doric is the best proportioned of all the orders. The several parts
of which it is composed are founded on the natural position of solid bodies.
In its first invention it was more simple than in its present state. In
after times, when it began to be adorned, it gained the name of Doric;
for when it was constructed in its primitive and simple form, the name
of Tuscan was conferred on it. Hence the Tuscan precedes the Doric in
rank, on account of its resemblance to that pillar in its original state.
Bears a kind of mean proportion between the more solid and delicate orders.
Its column is nine diameters high; its capital is adorned with volutes,
and its cornice has dentals. There is both delicacy and ingenuity displayed
in this pillar; the invention of which is attributed to the lonians, as
the famous temple of Diana, at Ephesus, was of this order. It is said
to have been formed after the model of an agreeable young women of an
elegant shape dressed in her hair; as a contrast to the Doric order, which
was formed after that of a strong, robust young man.
The richest of the five orders, is deemed a masterpiece of art. Its column
is ten diameters high, and its capital is adorned with two rows of leaves
and eight volutes, which sustain the abacus. The frieze is ornamented
with curious devices, the cornice with dentals and modillions.
This order is used in stately and superb structures. It was invented
at Corinth, by Callimachus, who is said to have taken the hint of the
capital of this pillar from the following remarkable circumstance: Accidentally
passing by the tomb of a young lady he perceived a basket of toys covered
with a tile, placed over an a canthus root, having been left there by
her nurse. As the branches grew up they encompassed the basket, till,
arriving at the tile, they meet with an obstruction, and bent downward.
Callimachus, struck with the object, set about imitating the figure: the
base of the capital he made to represent the basket; the abacus the tile;
and the volutes the bending leaves.
Is compounded of the other orders, and was contrived by the Romans. Its
capital has the two rows of leaves of the Corinthian, and the volutes
of the Ionic. Its column has the quarterround, as the Tuscan and Doric
order; is ten diameters high, and its cornice has dentals, or simple modillions.
This pillar is generally found in buildings where strength, elegance and
beauty are displayed.
The ancient and original orders of architecture, revered by Masons, are
no more than threeThe Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian which were invented
by the Greeks. To these the Romans have added two: the Tuscan, which they
made plainer than the Doric, and the Composite, which was more ornamental,
if not more beautiful, than the Corinthian.
The first three orders alone, however, show invention and particular
character, and essentially differ from each other; the two others have
nothing but what is borrowed, and differ only accidentally; the Tuscan
is the Doric in its earliest state; and the Composite is the Corinthian,
enriched with the Ionic. To the Greeks, therefore, and not to the Romans,
we are indebted for what is great, judicious and distinct in architecture.
The first three, Hearing, Seeing and Feeling, are deemed peculiarly essential
Is that sense by which we distinguish sounds, and are capable of enjoying
all the agreeable charms of music. By it we are enabled to enjoy the pleasures
of society, and reciprocally to communicate to each other our thoughts
and intentions, our purposes and desires; while thus our reason is capable
of exerting its utmost power and energy. The wise and beneficent Author
of Nature intended, by the formation of this sense, that we should be
social creatures, and receive the greatest and most important part of
our knowledge by the information of others. For these purposes we are
endowed with hearing, that, by a proper exertion of our rational powers,
our happiness may be complete.
Is that sense by which we distinguish objects, and in an instant of time,
without change of place or situation, view armies in battle array, figures
of the most stately structure, and all the agreeable variety displayed
in the landscape of nature. By this sense we find our way in the pathless
ocean, traverse the globe of earth, determine its figure and dimensions,
and delineate any region or quarter of ii By it we measure the planetary
orbs, and make new discoveries in the sphere of the fixed stars. Nay,
more: by it we perceive the tempers and dispositions, the passions and
affections of our fellow creatures, when they wish most to conceal them;
so that, though the tongue lie and dissemble, the countenance would display
the hypocrisy to the discerning eye. In fine, the rays of light which
administer to this sense are the most astonishing parts of the animated
creation, and render the eye a peculiar object of admiration.
Of all the faculties, sight is the noblest. The structure of the eye,
and its appurtenances, evinces the admirable contrivance of nature for
performing all its various external and internal motions; while the variety
displayed in the eyes of different animals, suited to their several ways
of life, clearly demonstrates this organ to be the masterpiece of nature's
Is that sense by which we distinguish odors, the various kinds of which
convey different impressions to the mind. Animal and vegetable bodies,
while exposed to the air, continually send forth effluvia of vast subtlety,
as well in the state of life and growth as in the state of fermentation
and putrefaction. These effluvia, being drawn into the nostrils with the
air, are the means by which all bodies are smelled. Hence it is evident
that there is a manifest appearance of design in the great Creator's having
planted the organ of smell in the inside of that canal, through which
the air continually passes in respiration.
Enables us to make a proper distinction in the choice of our food. The
organ of this sense guards the entrance of the alimentary canal, as that
of smelling guards the entrance of the canal for respiration. From the
situation of both these organs, it is plain that they were intended by
nature to distinguish wholesome food from that which is nauseous. Everything
that enters into the stomach must undergo the scrutiny of tasting; and
by it we are capable of discerning the changes which the same body undergoes
in the different compositions of art, cookery, chemistry, pharmacy
Smelling and tasting are inseparably connected; and it is by the unnatural
kind of life men commonly lead in society, that these senses are rendered
less fit to perform their natural offices.
On the mind all our knowledge must depend: what, therefore, can be a
more proper subject for the investigation of Masons? By anatomical dissection
and observation we become acquainted with the body; but it is by the anatomy
of the mind alone we discover its power and principles.
To sum up the whole of this transcendent measure of God's bounty to man,
we shall add that memory, imagination, taste, reasoning, moral perception,
and all the active powers of the soul, present a vast and boundless field
for philosophical disquisition, which far exceeds human inquiry,and are
peculiar mysteries, known only to nature and to nature's God, to whom
we and all are indebted for creation, preservation, and every blessing
Teaches the proper arrangement of words, according to the idiom or dialect
of any particular people; and that excellency of pronunciation, which
enables us to speak or write a language with accuracy, agreeably to reason
and correct usage.
Teaches us to speak copiously and fluently on any subject, not merely
with propriety, but with all the advantages of force and elegance; wisely
contriving to captivate the hearer by strength of argument and beauty
of expression, whether it be to entreat or exhort, to admonish or applaud.
Teaches us to guide our reason discretionary in the general knowledge
of things, and directs our inquiries after truth. It consists of a regular
train of argument, whence we infer, deduce and conclude, according to
certain premises laid down, admitted or granted; and in it are employed
the faculties of conceiving, judging, reasoning and disposing; all of
which are naturally led on from one gradation to another, till the point
in question is finally determined.
Teaches the powers and properties of numbers, which is variously effected,
by letters, tables, figures and instruments. By this art, reasons and
demonstrations are given for finding out any certain number, whose relation
or affinity to another is already known or discovered.
Treats of the powers and properties of magnitudes in general, where length,
breadth and thickness are considered, from a point to a line, from a line
to a superficies, and from a superficies to a solid.
A point is a dimensionless figure; or an indivisible part of space.
A line is a point continued, and a figure of one capacity, namely, length.
A superficies is a figure of two dimensions, namely, length and breadth.
A solid is a figure of three dimensions, namely, length, breadth and
By this science, the architect is enabled to construct his plans and
execute his designs; the general, to arrange his soldiers; the engineer,
to mark out ground for encampments; the geographer, to give us the dimensions
of the world, and all things therein contained, to delineate the extent
of seas, and specify the divisions of empires, kingdoms and provinces;
by it, also, the astronomer is enabled to make his observations, and to
fix the duration of times and seasons, years and cycles. In fine, geometry
is the foundation of architecture, and the root of the mathematics.
Teaches the art of forming concords, so as to compose delightful harmony,
by a mathematical and proportional arrangement of acute, grave and mixed
sounds. This art, by a series of experiments, is reduced to a demonstrative
science, with respect to tones and the intervals of sound. It inquires
into the nature of concords and discords, and enables us to find out the
proportion between them by numbers.
Is that divine art, by which we are taught to read the wisdom, strength
and beauty of the Almighty Creator, in those sacred pages, the celestial
hemisphere. Assisted by astronomy, we can observe the motions, measure
the distances, comprehend the magnitudes, and calculate the periods and
eclipses of the heavenly bodies. By it we learn the use of the globes,
the system of the world, and the preliminary law of nature.
While we are employed in the study of this science, we must perceive
unparalleled instances of wisdom and goodness, and through the whole creation
trace the glorious Author by his works.
By Geometry we may curiously trace Nature through her various windings
to her most concealed recesses. By it we discover the power, wisdom and
goodness of the Grand Artificer of the Universe, and view with delight
the proportions of this vast machine. By it we discover how the planets
move in their respective orbits, and demonstrate their various revolutions.
By it we account for the return of seasons, and the variety of scenes
which each season displays to the discerning eye. Numberless worlds are
around us, all framed by the same Divine Artist, which roll through the
vast expanse, and are all conducted by the same unerring law of Nature.
A survey of Nature, and the observation of her beautiful proportions,
first determined man to imitate the divine plan, and study symmetry and
order. This gave rise to societies, and birth to every useful art. The
architect began to design, and the plans which he laid down, being improved
by time and experience, have produced works which are ale admiration of
The lapse of time, the ruthless hand of ignorance, and the devastation's
of war, have laid waste and destroyed many valuable monuments of antiquity,
on which the utmost exertions of human genius have been employed. Even
the Temple of Solomon, so spacious and magnificent, and constructed by
so many celebrated artists, escaped not the unsparing ravages of barbarous
force. Freemasonry, notwithstanding, still survives. The attentive ear
receives the sound from the instructive tongue, and the mysteries of Masonry
are safely lodged in the repository of faithful breasts. Tools and implements
of architecture symbols most expressive have been selected by the Fraternity
to imprint on the memory wise and serious truths; and thus, through a
succession of ages, are transmitted, unimpaired, the most excellent tenets
of our Institution.
BROTHER: Being advanced to the second degree of Masonry, we congratulate
you on your preferment. The internal, and not the external, qualifications
of a man are what Masonry regards. As you increase in knowledge, you will
improve in social intercourse.
It is unnecessary to recapitulate the duties which, as a Mason, you are
bound to discharge; or enlarge on the necessity of a strict adherence
to them, as your own experience must have established their value.
Our laws and regulations you are strenuously to support; and be always
ready to assist in seeing them duly executed. You are not to perjure or
aggravate the offenses of your brethren; but, in the decision of every
trespass against our rules, you are to judge with candor, admonish with
friendship, and reprehend with justice.
The study of the liberal arts, that valuable branch of education, which
tends so effectually to polish and adorn the mind, is earnestly recommended
to your consideration; especially the science of geometry, which is established
as the basis of our art. Geometry, or Masonry, originally synonymous terms,
being of a divine and moral nature, is enriched with the most useful knowledge;
while it proves the wonderful properties of nature, it demonstrates the
more important truths of morality.
Your past behavior and regular deportment have merited the honor which
we have now conferred; and in your new character it is expected that you
will conform to the principles of the order, by steadily preserving in
the practice of every commendable virtue.
Such is the nature of your engagements as a Fellowcraft , and to these
duties you are bound by the most sacred of ties.
Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days
come not, nor the years draw nigh when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure
in them; while the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not
darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain; in the day when the keepers
of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and
the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the
windows be darkened; and the doors shall be shut in the streets, when
the sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of
the bird, and all the daughters of music shall be brought low; also, when
they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the
way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be
a burden, and desire shall fail; because man goeth to his long home, and
the moumers go about the streets; or ever the silver cord be loosed, or
the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or
the wheel broken at the cistern. Then shall the dust return to the earth
as it was; and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
he following hymn may be used instead of the lesson:
Music Sinai, or Windham.
Let us remember in our youth,
Before the evil days draw nigh,
Our GREAT CREATOR, and his TRUTH!
Ere memory fail and pleasure fly;
Or sun, or moon, or planet's light Grow dark, or clouds return in gloom;
Ere vital spark no more incite;
When strength shall bow, and years consume.
Let us in youth remember Him Who formed our frame,
and spirits gave, Ere windows of the mind grow dim,
Or door of speech obstructed wave;
When voice of bird fresh terrors wake,
And music's daughters charm no more;
Or fear to rise, with trembling shake,
Along the path we travel o'er.
In youth, to God let memory cling,
Before desire shall fail, or wane,
Or e'er be loosed life's silver string,
For man to his long home doth go,
And mourners group around his urn;
Our dust to dust again must flow,
And spirits unto God return.
* * * * *
They are all the implements of Masonry, indiscriminately, but more especially
Is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to spread the cement
which unites the building into one common mass; but we, as Free and Accepted
Masons, are taught to make use of it for the more noble and glorious purpose
of spreading the cement of Brotherly Love and Affection that cement which
unites us into one sacred band, or society of Friends and Brothers, among
whom no contention should ever exist, save that noble contention, or rather
emulation, of who best can work and best agree.
Thou, 0 God ! knowest our downsitting and our uprising, and understandest
our thoughts afar off. Shield and defend us from the evil intentions of
our enemies, and support us under the trials and afflictions we are destined
to endure, while traveling through this vale of tears. Man that is born
of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble. He cometh forth as a flower,
and is cut down; he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not. Seeing
his days are determined, the number of his months are with Thee; Thou
hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass; turn from him that he may
rest, till he shall accomplish his day. For there is hope of a tree, if
it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch
thereof will not cease. But man dieth and wasteth away; yea, man giveth
up the ghost, and where is he? As the waters fail from the sea, and the
flood decayeth and drieth up, so man lieth down, and riseth not up till
the heavens shall be no more. Yet, 0 Lord I have compassion on the children
of Thy creation; administer them comfort in time of trouble, and save
them with an everlasting salvation. Amen.
Or this form may be used:
O God, in whose hand our breath is, we bow in Thy presence with a sense
of the frailty and uncertainty of this mortal life. It is appointed unto
man once to die. But we thank Thee, that in Thy great mercy Thou hast
made known to us the life beyond the grave, so that all may look hopefully
forward beyond the shadows that now surround us. Help us so to perform
the duties assigned to us here, that when we shall depart this life, we
may die in hope of a blissful immortality, and Thy Name shall have the
praise forever. Amen.
Solemn suikes the funeral chime,
Notes of our departing time;
As we journey here he low,
Through a pilgrimage of woe.
Lord of all ! below, above,
Fill our hearts with youth and love;
When dissolves our earthly tie,
Take us to Thy Lodge on high.
* * * * *
THE BROKEN COLUMN
There are three Grand Masonic Pillars, denominated Wisdom, Strength and
Beauty, represented by ****
The Temple was supported by fourteen hundred and fifty-three columns,
and two thousand nine hundred and six pilasters; all hewn from the finest
There were employed in building the Temple, three Grand Masters, three
thousand three hundred Masters or Overseers of the work, eighty thousand
Fellow Crafts or Hewers in the Mountains, and Seventy thousand Entered
Apprentices or bearers of burden, Apprentices or Bearers of Burdens,
There are two classes of Masonic emblems, the Exoteric and Esoteric.
The Exoteric (or monitorial) class consists of Three Steps; the Pot of
Incense; the Beehive; the Book of Constitutions guarded by the Tyler's
Sword; the Sword pointing to a Naked Heart; the All Seeing Eye; the Anchor
and Ark; the Fortyseventh Problem of Euclid; the Hour Glass; and the Scythe.
Usually delineated on the Master's Carpet are emblematical of the three
principal stages of human life, viz: Youth, Manhood and Age, because in
Youth we are as Entered Apprentices; in Manhood as Fellow crafts, and
in Age as Master Masons. In Youth, as Entered Apprentices, we ought industriously
to occupy our minds in the attainment of useful knowledge; in Manhood,
as Fellow Crafts, we should apply that knowledge to the discharge of our
respective duties to God, our neighbor, and ourselves; so that in Age,
as Master Masons, we may enjoy the happy reflection consequent on a well
spent life, and die in the hope of a glorious immortality.
Is an emblem of a pure heart, which is always an acceptable sacrifice
to Deity; and as this glows with fervid heat, so should our hearts continually
glow with gratitude to the great and beneficent Author of our existence
for the manifold blessings and comforts we enjoy.
Is an emblem of Industry, and recommends the practice of that virtue
to all created beings, from the highest seraph in heaven to the lowest
reptile of the dust. It teaches us that, as we came into the world rational
and intelligent beings, so we should ever he industrious ones; never sitting
down contented while our fellow creatures around us are in want, especially
when it is in our power to relieve them without inconvenience to ourselves.
When we take a survey of Nature, we view man in his infancy, more helpless
and indigent than the brute creation; he lies languishing for days, months,
and years, totally incapable of providing sustenance for himself, of guarding
against the attacks of the wild beasts of the field, or sheltering himself
from the inclemency's of the weather.
It might have pleased the great Creator of heaven and earth to have made
man independent; but, as dependence is one of the strongest bonds of society,
mankind were made dependent on each other for protection and security,
as they thereby enjoy better opportunities of fulfilling the duties of
reciprocal love and friendship. Thus was man formed for social and active
life, the noblest part of the work of God; and he that will so demean
himself as not to be endeavoring to add to the common stock of knowledge
and understanding, may be deemed a drone in the hive of nature, a useless
member of society, and unworthy of our protection as Masons.
THE BOOK OF CONSTITUTIONS,
GUARDED BY THE TYLER'S SWORD
Reminds us that we should he ever watchful and guarded in our thoughts,
words, and actions, particularly when before the uninitiated; ever bearing
in remembrance those truly Masonic virtues, silence. and circumspection.
Whom the Sun, Moon, and Stars obey, and under whose watchful care even
Comets perform their stupendous revolutions, pervades the inmost recesses
of the human heart, and will reward us according to our merits.
Are emblems of a well grounded hope and a well spent life. They are emblematical
of that divine ark which safely wafts us over this tempestuous sea of
troubles, and that anchor which shall safely moor us in a peaceful harbor,
where the wicked cease from troubling, and the weary shall find rest.
Was an invention of our ancient friend and Brother, the great Pythagoras,
who, in his travels through Asia, Africa, and Europe, was initiated into
several orders of Priesthood, and is said to have been raised to the sublime
degree of Master Mason. This wise philosopher enriched his mind abundantly
in a general knowledge of things, more especially in Geometry, or Masonry.
On this subject he drew out many problems and theorems; and among the
most distinguished he erected this when, in the joy of his heart he exclaimed,
Eureka! signifying, in the Grecian language, I have found it; and upon
the discovery of which he is said to have sacrificed a hecatomb. It teaches
Masons to be general lovers of the arts and sciences.
Is an emblem of human life. Behold, how swiftly the sands run, and how
rapidly our lives are drawing to a close! We cannot, without astonishment,
behold the little particles which are contained in this machine, how they
pass away almost imperceptibly, and yet, to our surprise, in the short
space of an hour they are all exhausted. Thus wastes man! Today he puts
forth the tender leaves of hope; tomorrow blossoms, and bears his blushing
honors thick upon him; the next day comes a frost, which nips the shoot;
and when he thinks his greatness is still aspiring, he falls like autumn
leaves, to enrich our mother earth.
Is an emblem of time, which cuts the brittle thread of life and launches
us into eternity. Behold, what havoc the Scythe of time makes among the
human race; if by chance we should escape the numerous evils incident
to childhood and youth, and, with health and vigor, arrive at the years
of manhood, yet withal we must soon be cut down by the all devouring Scythe
of time, and he gathered into the land where our fathers have gone before
The following, or some other suitable CHARGE, may be given:
BROTHER: Your Zeal for the institution of Masonry, the progress you have
made in the mysteries, and your conformity to our regulations, have pointed
you out as a proper object of our favor and esteem.
You are now bound by duty, honor and gratitude to be faithful to your
trust; to support the dignity of your character on every occasion; and
to enforce, by precept and example, obedience to the tenets of the order.
In the character of a Master Mason, you are authorized to correct the
errors and irregularities of your uninformed brethren, and to guard them
against a breach of fidelity. To preserve the reputation of the fraternity
unsullied, must be your constant care; and for this purpose it is your
province to recommend to your inferiors obedience and submission; to your
equals, courtesy and affability; to your superiors, kindness and condescension.
Universal benevolence you are always to inculcate; and, by the regularity
of your own behavior, afford the best example for the conduct of others
less informed. The ancient landmarks of the order, entrusted to your care,
you are carefully to preserve; and never suffer them to be infringed,
or countenance a deviation from the established usage's and customs of
Your virtue, honor and reputation are concerned in supporting with dignity
the character you now bear. Let no motive, therefore, make you swerve
from your duty, violate your vows, or betray your trust; but be true and
faithful, and imitate the example of that celebrated artist whom you this
evening represent Thus you will render yourself deserving of the honor
which we have conferred, and merit the confidence that we have reposed.
Every candidate who shall receive the third degree in any lodge in this
jurisdiction and sign the bylaws shall become a member of said lodge and
the Secretary shall record his name upon the list of membership. CONS.