A Masonic Title is a personal one, which attaches to a brother by virtue of his having acquired an office in a lodge, or the Grand Lodge, and of which he is not divested when his term of office expires.
See DISTRICT DEPUTY GRAND MASTERS.
See Cons. 83,85,88,98,106.
The powers of the Master of a Lodge are much different from those exercised by the head of any other society. The presiding officer of most societies is chosen by the members of the organization, and can usually be removed by that body. A Master is elected by his Lodge, but can only be removed by the Grand Master or Grand Lodge. The presiding officer of other organizations are usually bound by certain rules of order, and a code of By-laws. A Lodge cannot enact By-laws to alter, amend, or curtail the powers of a Master. While lodges have By-laws they cannot in any way infringe upon the ancient prerogatives and powers of the Master of a Lodge which are derived from the old charges and the ancient uses of the Order. The authority of a Master is absolute, subject only to appeal to the Grand Lodge.
AMONG THE POWERS LODGED IN THE MASTER OF A LODGE ARE:
To congregate his lodge when he pleases, and for what purpose he pleases, provided that any action he may take does not conflict with the laws of the Grand Lodge, the Constitution and Landmarks of the Fraternity.
To temporarily call another member of his lodge to preside, but in doing so he is not relieved of responsibility thereby for what occurs in his lodge.
To decide all points of order, and no appeal may be taken from his decisions to the lodge.
To initiate and close debate at his pleasure.
To say whom may enter and leave the lodge room.
To appoint all committees. A lodge may not appoint a committee. It may, however, pass a resolution that a committee be appointed, but the selection of the membership of the committee is an inherent right of the Master.
To appoint the appointive officers of his lodge.
To be ex-officio a member of all committees he appoints.
A MASTER’S LIMITATIONS ARE:
That he cannot pay out any of the funds of the lodge without authority granted by a vote of the lodge.
That he should not sign a petition for a new lodge.
That he may not accept a petition or confer a degree without the consent of the lodge.
A Master can be suspended only by the Grand Master or Grand Lodge. He may be impeached for official misconduct by five members of his own lodge, or the District Deputy Grand Master, of the District to which his lodge is assigned, before the Grand Master.
The Worshipful Master of a lodge receives great honor, has great privileges, enjoys great prerogatives and powers; therefore he must endeavor to measure up to his responsibilities, and endeavor to do his best to leave his lodge at the expiration of his term of office better than he found it.
There is no law, edict or regulation of our Grand Lodge that I am aware of that designates the power and authority of the Worshipful Master.
The Worshipful Master receives his prerogatives from the old charges and regulations and the well-established uses of the Order. The Masonic Fraternity has often and very justly been termed to be an absolute monarchy in its government. The Master’s authority, in his lodge, is absolute.(Drummond) [1864, p. 12]
The Master can allow the Senior Warden to fill the East in his presence. Cases might arise when it would not only be justifiable, but highly proper; but it is a practice not to be recommended. [1864, p. 12]
Masters hold their offices until their successors are elected and installed. [1875, p.528]
A reelected Master should be installed. [1868, p. 199]
The only person entitled to the rank of Past Master is one who has been duly elected a Master of a subordinate lodge and he must first have served as a warden. [1967, p. 462]
A Master may preside over a lodge under dispensation without having received the Past Master’s Degree. [1871, p. 223]
A Master may call any Brother to preside in his presence and under his direction and the work may go on but not otherwise. [1900, p. 20]
A Master can be reelected for a second term even though the previous vote was to the contrary, if this is not against the By-laws. [1902, p. 22]
A Royal Arch Mason who has never been Master of a chartered lodge cannot properly install the Master of a lodge. The Blue Lodge cannot distinguish him from any other Master Mason. [1862, p. 233]
A lodge may install as an officer a brother who has lost his right hand in the service of his country. It is anticipated that he will eventually become Master of his lodge. [1974, p. 254]
JOSIAH HAYDEN DRUMMOND DISTINGUISHED SERVICE.
S. R 27
SIMON GREENLEAF. S. R. 44.
GRAND LODGE OF MAINE VETERANS. S. R. 26.
See Cons. 92, 93, 105. 127. S. R. 24, 36.
Stated meetings must be held at a definite time. By-laws must so provide. (1872, p. 466]
A meeting was held on the wrong date. All business done must be done over at the next proper meeting. [1875, p. 528]
A stated meeting in August, that the By-laws allow the lodge to call off that month and the members so vote, then the Master cannot call such a stated meeting. [1905, p. 220]
A petition cannot be received nor ballot had at a Special Communication without a dispensation. [1861, p. 150]
After a lodge is opened, no one has a right to leave the lodge room except by permission of the Worshipful Master. [1864, p. 12]
No member of a lodge has a right to call a meeting of his lodge except its three principal officers for the time being. [1864, p. 16]
It is illegal for Constituent Lodges to meet at 4:00 p.m. and Stated Meetings at 7:30 p.m. the same day, for the sole reason of meeting once a month and dividing the work of the Master Mason’s Degree. [1984, p. 626]
MEMBERS AND MEMBERSHIP.
See Cons. 51, 52, 77, 133, 134,135,136, S.R. 25.
The removal of a brother into another jurisdiction does not, of itself, authorize his name to be stricken from the roll of the lodge of which he is a member. [1863, p.303]
There is no law requiring a demitted mason to apply for membership to the nearest lodge; he may apply to any lodge wherever located.
[1870, p. 22; 1915, p. 189]
Application for membership must be made in the same manner, and take the same course, as applications for degrees. [1875, p. 528]
There is no limitation of time within which a brother who has taken a dimit from one lodge must apply to another for membership. [1900, p. 19]
A mason who has demitted from a lodge can regain membership therein only in the same manner in which he may become a member of any other lodge. [1870, p. 23]
A candidate for membership only can apply to the same or any other lodge immediately after his rejection.
A candidate for degrees of Masonry even though there is supposed to be a mistake in rejection must wait the prescribed six months and then make a new application. [1900, p. 19]
Brethren raised in a lodge under dispensation, the charter of which is afterward refused, are non-affiliated masons in good standing, and can apply to any lodge for membership. A certificate from the Grand Secretary will supply the want of a dimit [1898, p.25]
The Master may refuse to admit a member for good cause, after investigation made. [1877, p.280]
A Brother Mason rejected on his application for membership, has no right to question the lodge or its members as to the reason therefor.
The general rule is that a brother elected to membership in a lodge does not become a member thereof until he has signed the By-laws, for an objection made before he has signed the By-laws is equivalent to a rejection. [1883, p.516]
An affiliated Mason must sign the by-laws before he can be called a member of the Lodge. [1986, p. 205]
Circumstances may, however, exist which will preclude all concerned from raising the question as to whether a brother did sign the By-laws.
[1880, pp. 297, 298; 1881, p. 616]
When a lodge has voted to surrender its charter, its members cannot apply for membership in another lodge until the Grand Lodge accepts the surrender of the charter. [1883, p. 311]
A member of a lodge loses none of his Masonic rights by being elected an honorary member, unless the By-laws so provide and he expressly accepts the honorary membership with a limitation upon his rights.
[1889, p. 334]
A member suspended for nonpayment of dues is not liable for dues accruing during the time he is suspended. [1889, p. 334]
A person who receives the Master’s Degree in a lodge, and signs the By-laws, thereby becomes a member of the lodge without any ballot unless the By-laws of the lodge otherwise provide. [1863, p. 303]
A Mason does not lose his membership in his lodge by mere lapse of time or by removal from the jurisdiction. In the case of a lodge that suspended work in 1832 and resumed it in 1855, in the meantime retaining their Charter, those who were members in 1832 still remain members unless their membership has been terminated by some act of the lodge.
[1863, p. 303]
A Brother who was a member of a lodge not now in existence may become a member of a lodge in this jurisdiction although he never was demitted from his old lodge. [1864, p. 12]
Persons named in a Charter are not necessarily members of the lodge after it is organized. The issuing of a Charter makes the persons named in it members on certain implied conditions, one of which is that the lodge shall adopt a code of By-laws conformable to the Constitution and Regulations of the Grand Lodge and that those named who wish to become members shall signify their assent to the By-laws by signing them. [1864, p. 12]
The crimes of members cannot be countenanced. [1872, p. 458]
The conferring of the Master Mason Degree constitutes the recipient a member of a lodge. [1878, p. 549]
Membership cannot be conditional or provisional. [1879, p. 11]
If the mental resources of a member are lost, he is still entitled to all Masonic privileges. [1884, p. 625]
An honorary member is not deprived of any rights as an active member and can be elected Worshipful Master. [1889, p. 334]
Honorary members will be subject to dues if the by-laws change subjecting them to dues. [1898, p. 26]
Honorary membership election cannot be reconsidered.
[1899, p. 203]
A member is in good standing even though several years in arrears in dues, if he has not been tried or suspended. [1914, p. 24]
Permanent membership in a Grand Lodge lasts only so long as a member is in good standing of a subordinate lodge.
[1942, p. 217]
Honorary membership-conditions justifying same-for the by-laws.
[1946, p. 195]
A Brother Mason who makes application for membership and is black balled has no right to question the lodge or members thereof as to the reason for so doing. [1865, p.85]
A brother has a right to know who is a member of his lodge. There is no regulation or decision which prohibits a brother from seeing the membership roster of his own lodge. However, no brother can require that he be furnished a mailing list of the membership. [1968, p. 680]
Once a Mason becomes a member of a Maine Lodge, his membership stays intact, even if he moves to another state completely. This refers to dual membership as well as regular membership. This, of course, applies only as long as he is in good standing in either or both lodges. [1985, p. 12]
See APPLICATION; LODGE; OBJECTION; RESTORATION; TRIAL HONORARY MEMBERSHIP.
A lodge cannot rightfully take part in Memorial Day Services.
[1897, p. 198]
SEE AWARDS-MERIT, p.8
SEE S.R. 1, 19.
See Cons. 108.
Minutes are the entries made by the secretary during the meeting, as distinguished from the permanent record of the proceedings in the proper book
When a loose-leaf record book is used, the minutes book must be permanently preserved. [1923, p. 386]
Minutes must be read for the approval of the lodge at its close, save that they should not be read in a lodge open on a lower degree than that in which the proceedings took place. [1862, p. 233; 1866, p. 156]
When a lodge of Master Masons closes, the minutes of proceedings should be read. If then the lodge is opened on an inferior degree, at its close the minutes of proceedings on that degree only should be read. The proceedings of a Master’s lodge cannot be read in a Lodge of Fellow Craft or Entered Apprentices. [1862, p. 233]
DRUMMOND MEDAL S. R. 27.
RECOGNIZED MASONRY. S. R. 29.
BEGGING CIRCULARS. S. R. 31.
DEGREES NOT MASONIC. S. It 34.
See S. R. 13.
When stated communications of a lodge are held on a day fixed by a specific phase of the moon, the time between two such meetings is a month within the meaning of the constitution, although the two may come in the same calendar month. The word “month” Masonically means lunar month.
Also when, under the By-laws of a lodge, its annual communication occurs in a month in which there are two stated communications, the first shall be deemed the annual meeting; and, when the annual communication occurs in a month wherein there is no stated communication, the stated communication next before such month shall be deemed the annual communication of the lodge. [1876, p. 32; 1888, p. 47; 1890, pp. 686, 687]
Moon lodges may hold two stated meetings in one month if the moon so dictates. [1890, p. 687]
Moon lodges to be held on Saturday on the full of the moon. If it falls on another day, the Saturday before the full is the day. [1884, p. 626]
It is unmasonic to make nominations for Masonic offices.
See ELECTION [1868, p. 199]
A non-affiliated Mason is one who has withdrawn his membership in a lodge by dimission. A non-affiliate Mason has the right to petition a lodge for affiliation. While he remains unaffiliated he is not entitled to any Masonic rights or privileges, is still subject to Masonic discipline, and remains under those obligations, which can never be repudiated or laid aside.
NONPAYMENT OF DUES.
See DUES; MEMBERSHIP; SUSPENSION and EXPULSION; TRIAL
S. R. 36.
A notification is the notice by which the time, place, hour and frequently the business of a lodge is communicated to its members. A brother receiving a notification is requested to attend. The obligation, which a notification imposes, is a general one as distinguished from a summons.
See Cons. 124.
An objection by a member of the lodge to a candidate after election and before initiation is equivalent to a rejection by ballot and should be so recorded. [1861, pp. 151-155; 1862, p. 251; 1915, p. 199; 1921, p. 19]
A member is under no obligation to tell the Committee of Inquiry what he may know objectionable to a candidate. It is within his own discretion whether he will give the information to the committee or merely act upon it when he comes to ballot upon the application. [1865, p. 84]
A member may cause the rejection of a candidate by giving notice to the Master, in advance, that he objects to the candidate but cannot be present at the ballot; in such case the Master must declare the candidate rejected, even though the ballot be clear. [1866, p. 157]
Objection can be made only to an actual candidate; a protest filed against election of one whose petition is not pending is unavailing.
[1878, p. 550]
Objection to one who has been elected a member of a lodge [by affiliation] before he signs the By-laws, is equivalent to a rejection.
Even if an objection is not recorded, it is still valid, and by direction of the Grand Master will be noted on the record. [1896, p. 22; 1897, p. 230]
A nonaffiliated member (or a member of another lodge) has no legal right to object to the initiation of a candidate. He can only make known his objections to the Master or some member of the lodge, who should give them such weight as he thinks they should receive and act accordingly.
[1871, p. 224]
It is not illegal or improper for a member to prevent the admission of a candidate, at the request of a brother who cannot be present [1872, p. 466]
Objection made after ballot may be withdrawn at any time before the candidate is declared rejected. [1870, p.23]
But not after he is declared rejected. [1876, p. 16]
Authorities cited establishing the right of objection.
[1861, pp. 151, 152]
A member in good standing can legally prevent a candidate from being accepted in his lodge by giving notice to the Worshipful Master that he shall not be able to attend the communication when such a candidate (naming him) will probably be balloted for and that, if present, he should object to him in the manner recognized among Masons. Upon such notice to the Worshipful Master. It would be his duty to have the candidate entered on the minutes as rejected. A member being absent from the town when a lodge is holden retains all his rights of objecting to candidates as much as if present [1866, p. 157]
Detailed discussion of the right of objection. [1862, pp. 249 to 251]
If an objection is made, the ballot must still be taken and if clear, the rejection is made. [1876, p. 16]
If an objection is made after one degree is received, the fee for that degree should not be refunded. [1878, p.550]
Objection cannot be made until the application is submitted to the lodge. [1878, p. 550]
Objection can be made at any time before the candidate has been received into the lodge by the Senior Deacon. [1886, p.341]
An objection lasts only six months. New application can be then filed and a new objection must be made to stop it. [1891, p. 25]
An objection should be recorded by the Secretary. [1897, p. 230]
However, the candidate is rejected even though no record is made.
[1896, p. 22]
Objection must be made to the Worshipful Master even though the Senior Warden presided in the absence of the Worshipful Master at the time the candidate was elected. [1898, p. 27]
A candidate receives his first degree in Lodge “A”. Subsequently he moves to a different town within the jurisdiction of Lodge “B”. Lodge “A” issues a waiver of jurisdiction to Lodge “B”. Some years elapse before the candidate appears to take his second degree. In the meantime, an objection is made confidentially to the Master of the lodge against the advancement of the candidate. Since the candidate has received one degree, the objection should be made in open lodge and, if the objection is supported by two-thirds of the members present, the objection is sustained and the candidate cannot be advanced. If the objection is not so made and so disposed of it is entirely within the discretion and judgment of the Worshipful Master to determine when the candidate shall be advanced. [1955, pp. 518, 519]
The right to object is inalienable. [1904, p. 31]
An objection can be made later by a member who earlier voted favorably. [1915, p. 190]
An objection to granting a Waiver of Jurisdiction can be made only by a member of a lodge. [1920, p.417]
Objection cannot be made by a Mason not a member of that lodge.
[1947, p. 394]
Objection after the First Degree must be voted on at a stated and not at a special meeting. [1948, p. 578]
Objection to advancement is permanent. Petitioner must make a new application. He cannot sit in a lodge of Entered Apprentices.
Objection to one who has been elected a member of a lodge before he signs the By-laws is equivalent to rejection. [1949, p. 31]
(Note this is not election to Masonry; it is election as a member of the lodge which is really affiliation.)
Objection made after unanimous ballot to restore the membership is not a valid objection. [1952, p. 631]
When objections are made to a candidate after ballot and before initiation, the Master must declare the candidate rejected and direct the Secretary to enter the same upon the records. [1861, p. 151]
If a portion of the obligation is omitted, the candidate should be re-obligated. [1947, p. 394]
See CHAPTER XVIII, TEXT BOOK See Cons. 76, 78, 88, 99, 116, 124
A Mason cannot be tried for an offense committed before an initiation.
[1866, p. 157; 1867, pp. 40,41; 1906, p. 21; 1907, pp. 199, 214]
But he may be tried and expelled for any false statements contained in his petition for initiation, or made to obtain initiation.
[1864, p. 15; 1867, pp. 40,41]
Any mason, joining an organization whose avowed principles and practices are in violation of the laws of freemasonry, is liable to Masonic discipline. [1884, p.846]
Court action in which the lawyer referred to Masonry severely condemned by Drummond. [1876, pp. 32, 33]
Advertising Masonic matters is forbidden. [1935, p. 396]
See JURISDICTION; PUNISHMENT, POLITICAL OFFENSES.
ORDER OF EASTERN STAR.
O.E.S. emblem is O.K in a Masonic hall if not attached to an emblem of Masonry. [1921, p. 20]
Permanent emblems of O.E.S. in a Masonic hall are not good. (O.E.S. described as a supplement to Masonry.) [1923, p.387]
See Cons. 13,34, 135, Eligibility.
Officers cannot be appointed by the Master until after he is installed; he may indicate before that whom he intends to appoint, but the record should show that the appointments were made after his installation. [1862, p. 233]
It is not permissible for officers of a lodge to wear robes.
[1895, p. 176]
In the absence of an officer, the Master may make a pro tem appointment for the meeting or for an indefinite time. [1862, p. 231]
When a pro tem officer is absent, and another is appointed, the power of the former ceases. [1862, p. 231]
A brother not eligible to office at the time of the election but becoming so before he is installed, by installation becomes a legal officer. [1880, p. 296]
A vote of a lodge, providing that no brother shall serve as Master more than one term, is in violation of Masonic principles, and is void. A vote that is in violation of fundamental Masonic principles is not binding upon a lodge. [1902, p. 22]
A brother may, by appointment act as Chaplain or Tyler in a lodge of which he is not a member, but may not be installed as such. [1903, p.217]
Citizenship is not necessary to becoming officer of lodge, if brother is otherwise qualified. [1925, p. 24]
No officer can properly be installed by proxy and no brother can be compelled to accept any office. [l865,p.85]
See Cons. Sec. 101.
Pardon of a convict should not be petitioned for by a lodge.
[1913, p. 202]
See Cons. 132, 98.
A Brother served his lodge as Junior Warden for a period of nine months in the absence of the duly elected Warden who was absent and not available to fulfill his obligations to that office. The brother who served went on to be elected and installed Worshipful Master of the lodge and served one term. Is he a Past Master and is he entitled to the title of Worshipful never being ELECTED a warden of his lodge? Answer – The Constitutions state that, “to be eligible for the office of Master, a brother must have served as a Warden.” It is not stated that he must be ELECTED and INSTALLED. Service to the lodge as a Warden, although not duly elected, is sufficient in this case and that brother is a Past Master and entitled to the title of Worshipful. [1999, pg. 611]
The only Past Master known to the lodge is one who has served one term as the Master of a chartered lodge. [1866, p. 156; 1929, p. 39]
Hence, the conferring of the Past Master degree can be done only by a Past Master of a lodge, and in the presence only of such.
[1866, p. 156; 1872, p. 466]
A Past Master, who is not the Master at the time, must be installed as Master before he can act as such under a subsequent election.
[1862, p. 233]
Under our constitution a Past Master, in the absence of the Master and both Wardens, may open the lodge and preside at the transaction of any business properly before the lodge. If all are absent and no Past Master present, members can fill the chairs according to seniority and merit.
[1878, p. 549; 1879, pp. 41-43]
Or at the request of the officer present whose duty it is to open the lodge. [1890, p. 687]
Election, installation, and service as Master for one term, entitle a brother to a Past Master’s diploma, although he may not have received the “Past Master’s Degree.” [1900, p. 53]
Past Master’s degree can be performed only by a Past Master.
[1847, p. 429]
Master, when installed, is entitled to the Past Master’s Degree.
[1870, p. 22]
A Past Master can take the East at the request of the Junior Warden if the Senior Warden and Worshipful Master are absent [1890, p. 687]
A Past Master of a lodge outside the Grand Jurisdiction of Maine, but not a Past Master of a lodge within our jurisdiction, is not entitled to receive the Past Master’s Degree or a Past Master’s diploma [1956, p.785]
The only person entitled to the rank of Past Master is one who has been duly elected a Master of a subordinate lodge and he must first have served as a warden. [1967, p. 462]
The Past Master of a Royal Arch Chapter is not entitled to sit in a Past Master’s Blue Lodge unless he is a Past Master of a Blue Lodge.
A Master of a lodge under dispensation is not entitled to a Past Master’s Diploma. [1864, p. 16]
Past Master’s certificate authorized. [1939, p.563]
The proper person to confer the Past Master’s Degree on the Master elect, is a Past Master of a Blue Lodge and as part of the installation ceremonies. [1866, p. 156]
See DIPLOMA; GRAND OFFICERS, INSTALLATION; LODGE.
Cons. Sec. 103.
See Cons. Sec. 123.
A petitioner is a person who makes application to receive the degrees of masonry, or a mason who makes application for membership in a lodge.
A petition though technically informal, if it is rejected, the candidate must abide the result. [1876, p. 16]
When a petition is presented and the Committee of Inquiry is unable to obtain adequate information concerning the candidate, the lodge should take further time; the lodge should require evidence not merely that the petitioner is not objectionable but that he is absolutely worthy. [1862, p. 232]
Under our Constitution, a petition can in no case whatever be withdrawn after reference to the Committee of Inquiry and before ballot unless it is one of which the lodge has no jurisdiction. [1863, p. 303]
See Cons. 122.
If the Senior Warden can conscientiously declare that the candidate “is in due form,” and is fully able to receive and impart all signs and tokens necessary for Masonic recognition in each degree he is not ineligible.
[1892, p. 375]
It is for the Master of the lodge to decide whether, under the foregoing limitations, the disability of a particular candidate excludes him.
[1923, p. 416]
See Cons. 122.
See 1826, p. 133.
Physical deformity. [1853 p. 38; 1854, p. 348]
See 1867, pp. 110, 128.
The Master alone is the judge as to Physical qualification.
[1876, pp. 17, 18]
Physical requirement is up to the Worshipful Master to decide.
See 1923, p. 382, 1923, pp. 415, 416.
Physical requirements within the discretion of the Master [with limitations] [1925, p. 25]
A deaf man who cannot hear by mechanical device is not an eligible candidate. [1936, p. 613]
Decision is left to the constituent lodge. [1946, p. 207]
A man who desires to become a member, but who suffers from an illness of the inner ear which prevents him from wearing a hoodwink which causes him to lose his equilibrium, cannot be initiated without a hoodwink
A candidate is brought from darkness to light. Without the use of a hoodwink, he cannot be in darkness, therefore he cannot receive the degrees in the same manner as every other Mason receives them. He is not well qualified physically to receive the degrees. [1964, p. 683]
(See report of Committee on Jurisprudence, 1965, p. 92)
It is permissible for a lodge to accept petition of a blind man.
Blindness alone shall not render a candidate ineligible under the provisions of this section provided he is capable of meeting his Masonic obligations and is otherwise a desirable candidate. [Sec. 122 (b)]
It is my decision that from this time forward, a man who is missing an arm is eligible to receive the degrees of Masonry. [2004, pg. 894]
See Cons. 105.
Masonry has no jurisdiction over political offenses. [1865, p.85]
No political committee and no meeting of any group held either for the purpose of discussing political problems or in connection with the observance of a political anniversary of any party should be held at any time in a Masonic hall or lodge room. [1955, p. 520]
POWERS OF GRAND LODGE.
See Constitutions Section 4, Sub-sections 1-9.
See Cons. 97.
Sec CHAPTER VIII, p. 81, TEXT BOOK
See Cons. 15, 101.
It is contrary to the uses of the order, and improper for the fraternity to take part, in their Masonic character, in any public demonstration except to perform some Masonic labor. [1865, p. 117]
A lodge should not appear as a lodge, or with Masonic insignia, in any public celebration or observance. [1874, pp. 267, 268; 1900, p. 19]
Processions in Masonic regalia must be for a strictly Masonic occasion.
[1920, p. 417]
The term “profane” as used Masonically is not in an irreverent or irreligious sense, but to designate one who is not a member of the fraternity. It is derived from a Latin word meaning “one outside the Temple.”
PRO TEM APPOINTMENT.
In the absence of an officer, the Worshipful Master may make a pro tem appointment for the meeting or for an indefinite time. When a pro tem officer is absent and another is appointed, the power of the former ceases.
[1862, p. 231]
See Cons. 79-81 inclusive. S. R. 1 (b).
A permanent member of the Grand Lodge cannot be represented therein by proxy. [1877, pp. 303, 304]
When a Master or either of the Wardens registers, he is considered present for the whole session, unless excused.
These officers are obligated to perform their duties to the Masons of their respective lodges and only in extreme emergency such as illness (under a doctor’s care) should they be relieved of this duty. Furthermore they receive per diem expenses to perform this duty.
If a proxy has been duly appointed and the Master and Wardens are excused, the proxy has the right and duty to act on their behalf.
The proxy does not have the power to act if the W. M. and Wardens leave the Grand Lodge, but are still in the building, in the corridor, or the men’s room.
There is absolutely no reason for all three to be absent at one time. Furthermore, if only one is present it is his duty to represent his lodge. The area extends to the city in which Grand Lodge is held. The W. M. and Wardens know the time and place of the Grand Lodge sessions and should be there during the meeting. If this were not the case it could be that weak-minded officers might always leave controversial issues to a proxy and not accept their rightful duty for which they have been appointed.
If the W. M. and Wardens must leave in case of an emergency, the proxy has the duty to act.
An “emergency” is an illness under a doctor’s care or a death. To return to one’s occupation cannot be considered an emergency. Grand Lodge session is only one and one-half days and when a W. M. or Warden goes to that session he should have made preparation well in advance. To go one-half day and collect travel mileage is a disgrace to himself as well as his lodge and to go to Grand Lodge only for a “trip” or “excursion” is even worse.
It is the duty of the W. M. or either Warden to act if they are in the building. If they do not act in such a circumstance, the lodge would lose its right to vote. [1970, pp. 277-279]
It is contrary to the uses of the Order and improper for the Fraternity to take part in their conventional character in any public demonstration except to perform some Masonic labor. [1865, p. 117]
The rules for publicity of lodge and Grand Lodge affairs as propounded by Drummond. He states that it is O.K to publish list of officers elected or installed but nothing else happening in a subordinate lodge except upon public occasions. [1901, p. 232]
See Cons. 51, 59.
The punishment for non-payment of dues can be only suspension from or forfeiture of membership after due trial. [1877, p. 280]
No punishment can be inflicted upon a mason until after due trial.
A lodge can be prohibited by the Grand Lodge from doing any work.
[1873, p. 47]
A secretary refusing to obey instructions of the lodge is subject to charges and punishment [1875, p. 528]
A candidate was given the degrees even though the ballot was not clear and objection was made in open lodge. The Worshipful Master and the Charter were suspended. [1875, pp. 529, 530]
Joining an organization whose avowed principles and practices are in violation of the laws of Masonry subjects the member to Masonic discipline. [1884, p. 846]
Reprimand to a lodge for out-of-time work was ordered. [1943. p. 467]
See OFFENCE; TRIAL COMMISSION.
QUALIFICATION OF CANDIDATE.
See Cons. Sec. 122
See S. R 20.
See Cons. 94,132.
We have reference in our ritualistic work that “three made a Master Mason’s Lodge.” However, Secs. 94 and 132 of the Constitution provide that no ballot shall be taken for initiation or membership, unless there are at least seven members of the lodge present. The Constitution provides that all general business should be done in a Master’s lodge and at least seven members must be present A decision passed in 1868, page 200, states that a quorum for a lodge to do business is seven. [1955, p. 519]
Formula for recognition in foreign jurisdictions.
[1927, p. 423. See also Foreword in Appendix 1954]
See APPLICATION; BALLOT; CANDIDATE
See Cons. 52, 103.
See Cons. 44 (Rule 13), 111.
Every lodge must keep an accurate record of such of its proceedings as, in the judgment of the Master, are proper to be written in a book specially kept for the purpose. If a loose-leaf record book is used, the following restrictions and conditions must be observed. the pages shall be consecutively numbered before the book is used for recording purposes; no entry shall be made therein except by the secretary of the lodge or by a Master Mason in good standing; the secretary shall keep all minutes of meetings in a book which shall be retained as a permanent record in the archives of the lodge. [1923, p. 386]
Due to the loss or destroyed records of Freedom Lodge #42 it is to be forgiven and allowed to start fresh as of January 1, 1995 in regard to its loss of records. This decision is not meant to free Freedom Lodge from any fees that may be due Grand Lodge.
Freedom Lodge #42 from now on will operate under the Constitution, Standing Regulations, and Digest of Decisions of the Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Maine. [1995, p. 1244]
At each stated meeting the record of the preceding stated meeting and all intervening special meetings, as transcribed from the minutes, must be read to the lodge and corrected and confirmed by it. [1866, p. 156]
No part of the record can be altered or erased after it has been thus confirmed. [1866, p. 156; 1874, p. 274]
Proceedings of a lodge, accidentally omitted from the records, cannot be inserted therein after the records have been confirmed. In such case, the business must be transacted again; or, if anything has been done by an officer or committee of the lodge under an unrecorded vote, that action should be confirmed. A lodge is not bound by the records until they are confirmed. [1873, p. 16]
Before they are confirmed they may be amended, according to the truth, by a majority vote of the lodge. [1874, p. 274]
If a transaction has been accurately recorded, the lodge should not by amending the record undertake to change what was actually done.
If a vote is passed which is decided by the Grand Master to be illegal, and the record has not been confirmed, it may be amended by omitting such vote.
If the record has been confirmed, the vote cannot be expunged, but a note should be appended showing the decision of the Grand Master.
[1874, p. 274]
No part of the record can be altered or erased after it has once been confirmed. The minutes should be read before the closing of each meeting in order to have them approved if correctly taken but after being transcribed in the record book, correctly and confirmed, they cannot be changed.
[1866, p. 156]
Records do not bind the lodge until approved. [1873, p. 16]
Record of action of a lodge can be changed before being approved.
[1874, p. 274]
Records of a meeting of a lodge, after being confirmed, cannot be amended. [1908, p. 23]
Loose-leaf records are O.K under restriction. [1923, p. 386]
A petition for reinstatement requires no special form but takes the same procedure. [1922, p. 207]
If the applicant for reinstatement is rejected, he cannot apply again for reinstatement [1931, p. 461]
The attempted reinstatement of a member in a manner not in conformity with the Constitution of the Grand Lodge is irregular and invalid, and the standing of the individual is that of an unaffiliated member. Moneys received at the time of such irregular reinstatement are improperly received and should be refunded by the lodge. [1957, pp. 41,119]
See Cons. 123-125 inc., 116-119, inc.
After the result of the ballot has been formally declared by the Master, no further proceedings can be had, even to correct an alleged mistake.
[1894, p. 19; 1915, p. 190; 1922, p. 207]
A rejection follows a candidate into another jurisdiction, with the same effect as in this. [1874, p. 271]
See APPLICATION; BALLOT; CANDIDATE; JURISDICTION; OBJECTION.
A candidate living in a town where there is no lodge is rejected and the Grand Secretary notified of his rejection. Afterwards, a lodge is constituted in the town where he resides. If he desires to petition again, he must present his petition to the lodge which rejected him. That lodge can receive it only by the permission of the new lodge. [1861, p. 149]
A petition is received and referred to the investigating committee. They as certain that the candidate has already been rejected in another lodge. The committee should report that the lodge has no jurisdiction over the petition. The lodge has no right to ballot upon it, not even for the purpose of rejection. [1861, p. 151]
A lodge cannot allow a candidate to withdraw his petition after he has been rejected. [1864, p. 16]
The effect of a candidate rejected taking degrees in another lodge discussed. [1862, p. 251]
A rejected candidate of another state cannot be legally made here without consent of the other state. [1868, p. 200]
A rejected candidate cannot apply until six months have expired. It is not material when it is to be balloted upon. [1871, p. 223]
Rejection is legal on the petition submitted by the candidate even if he has not signed it [1875, p. 529]
A candidate rejected here gets a degree in another state is not recognized here as a Mason. [1875, p.551]
A candidate rejected in Maine joins in another state; not entitled to Masonic recognition or burial here. [1876, p. 18]
A rejected candidate wishing to apply in another lodge may apply to the rejecting lodge for a waiver. [1877, p. 280]
A candidate is rejected here. He goes abroad. He is made a Mason there. He returns here. He cannot be recognized as a Mason here.
[1886, p. 558]
Rejected candidate must sign a new application upon reapplying.
A candidate petitions a lodge under dispensation. He is rejected. He can then, within six months, apply to a lodge having jurisdiction with permission of the Grand Lodge or Grand Master. [1898, p. 25]
A candidate is rejected. He cannot apply for a waiver for six months.
[1898, p. 27]
A candidate rejected by a mistake, must wait six months. [1900, p. 19]
The five-year rule runs from the date of his last rejection. [1914, p. 25]
A rejection may be declared by the Worshipful Master even though there is only one black ball [1915, p. 190; 1922, p.207′]
Rejection—a good rule for same. [1917, p. 199]
Rejection—if a member ballots favorably, he can later object and cause a rejection of the candidate. [1921, p. 19]
Rejection under foreign jurisdiction does not give that jurisdiction control over the candidate for an unreasonable time. If he has lived in Maine five years, it is O.K to forget the laws of the other state. [1945, p. 13]
A candidate is accepted and receives the first and the second degrees. It is then ascertained that he has been rejected by another lodge. The lodge, which received him, can confer the third degree upon him. He is a Mason. The lodge which initiated him cannot be blamed if they used reasonable diligence and did not have any knowledge of such rejection but they cannot proceed a step after they learn of such rejection, whether such knowledge comes through official source or otherwise. If a candidate desires to proceed further, he must apply with the recommendation of the lodge which initiated him and a statement of the facts of the lodge which rejected him, and abide the result. [1862, p. 232]
Every Mason is under equal obligation to every worthy brother to relieve his distress according to his necessity and his own ability. The sole claim of a distressed worthy brother for relief grows out of his being a Mason, and not out of his having contributed to the funds of a particular lodge. The association of Masons in a lodge in no manner relieves them from their individual obligations; and when they act as a lodge their duty, and therefore that of the lodge is precisely the same as that of the individual mason. Masonic relief is never purchased or sold and therefore never creates a debt. [1906, p. 23]
No lodge is required to reimburse another lodge for expenses voluntarily incurred in assisting its members outside of its jurisdiction. However, Masonic committee demands a liberal and equitable adjustment of expenses necessarily incurred in such cases, having regard to the ability of the lodge. [1877, p. 281; 1906, p. 22]
While a lodge creates no claim for reimbursement, by the relief of a member of another lodge, still, if the relief is authorized by the latter lodge, it is bound to make reimbursement. [1891, p. 26; 1906, p. 22]
See CHARITY; MEMBERSHIP
See INQUIRY, COMMITTEE OF.
See Cons. Sec. 112-121 inc., 123.
A person applying to a lodge in the town in which he resides and, after being initiated, removing to another town in which there is a lodge, cannot be crafted or raised in the second lodge except by permission of the lodge in which he was initiated. [1864, p. 16]
Residence means domicile; definition by Drummond. Temporary absence does not affect residence. [1862, pp. 234 ,235]
Residence as affects a soldier. [1864, p. 14]
Residence, discussion of same by Drummond. [1867, pp.39,40]
Residence defined. [1877, p.281]
Residence means legal residence [1881, p.616]
Resident of Massachusetts gets their permission and applies here. He is rejected. He can apply here again in six months with no one’s consent
A candidate is a resident of a town but not personally therein for several years. Personal presence is not now required. [1926, p. 205]
A Navy or Coastguardsman cannot be considered a “seafaring man,” as mentioned in Section 112 of our Constitution, since he is usually stationed for a year or more in one place and could thereby obtain the necessary residence requirement [1986, p.204]
See APPLICATION; JURISDICTION.
See Cons. 96.
No installed officer, whether elected or appointed, can resign unless a resignation is authorized by the By-laws approved by the Grand Lodge.
[1862, p. 231]
See Cons. 56, 57.
See TRIAL COMMISSION
See Cons. 51, 55,56, 57.
To restore a member suspended for nonpayment of dues, no action of the Grand Lodge is necessary. [1876, p. 17]
No particular form of application is required for restoration to membership, but the request, when presented, should take the same course as an ordinary application for membership and be laid over for action at the next stated meeting. [1922, p. 207]
When the dues are paid within three years the secretary should announce the fact in open lodge, the Master should declare the brother reinstated, and record should be made accordingly. [1894, p. 20]
See CHARTER; DISTRICT DEPUTY GRAND MASTER; INSTALLATION; LODGE SUSPENSION AND EXPULSION.
See (Wayfaring Man)
Brackets removed from lectures by vote of the Grand Lodge.
[1957, p. 123]
Robes should never be worn by officers in Blue Lodges.
[1895, p. 176; 1898, p. 26]
Secretaries of lodges need not and should not give information to Secretaries of Eastern Star as to whether members of lodges are in good standing. Nor should such information be given to any except masons and then only for Masonic reasons. [1934, p. 194]
See S. R 44
See S. R 18.
The term “sojourner” when applied to a mason means one who is within the territorial jurisdiction of a lodge, but whose residence and lodge are elsewhere.
See S. R 22.
A petition cannot be received nor ballot had at a special communication without a dispensation. [1861, p. 150]
A standing regulation is a rule adopted by the Grand Lodge governing particular instructions relative to matters involving laws and practices to be followed by the lodges and by the officers and members of the Grand Lodge. A standing resolution is effective only so far as it conforms to existing laws and Grand Lodge interpretation of such laws. Standing Regulations remain in force until rescinded or a modification of the law renders them inoperative.
A summons is a call of authority; a citation to appear and answer by a member in any case of charges preferred against him. Or it is an imperative injunction to appear at a communication of the lodge with which the brother receiving it is affiliated; or to attend the Grand Lodge or Grand Master, or any committee or other body authorized by the Grand Lodge or Grand Master to issue it See CHARGES.
No Degree work should be done on Sunday. Constituent lodges shall refrain from holding any special communications on Sunday except for a Masonic Memorial Service, or the participation of the lodge at a divine service. [1949, p. 31; 1980, p. 581]
SUSPENSION AND EXPULSION.
See Cons. 14,49-59 inc., 84, S. R. 8.
Suspension from Masonry is a penalty imposed by Grand Lodge and excludes a Mason from all Masonic privileges, and prohibits all Masonic intercourse between him and his brethren during the period of his suspension.
Expulsion from Masonry is the highest Masonic penalty that can be imposed and excludes a Mason from all Masonic rights and privileges forever, unless he be restored by the Grand Lodge.
A member suspended for unmasonic conduct or nonpayment of dues is not liable for dues accruing during his suspension.
[1876, p. 17; 1877, pp. 454, 455]
Suspension from membership for nonpayment of dues cannot be inflicted without notice and hearing [1894, p. 20]
By-law providing otherwise is void. [1894, p. 20]
Vote of lodge that a brother must pay dues while under such suspension also void. [1894, p. 20]
If suspended from membership for nonpayment of dues in a lodge in this jurisdiction, a brother is not by right entitled to sit in his own or any other lodge in this jurisdiction; yet if no objection is made, he may be allowed to visit [1900, pp. 20, 21]
Forfeiture of, or suspension from membership for nonpayment of dues, does not suspend from all the rights of masonry, but only from the rights of membership. [1900, p. 20]
Notice of suspension in Masonic Lodge must not be sent to any non-Masonic body.
See DUES; RESTORATION.
Suspension from membership should be inflicted for such offenses as breaches of the By-laws of the lodges. Some different punishment should be inflicted for unmasonic conduct affecting the order generally. [1863, p. 303]
The name of a brother suspended for nonpayment of dues should not be erased from the By-laws. [1864, p.15]
Suspension for three months or a definite time, the member’s status is the same as before suspension after the period expires. [1876, p. 16]
When suspended for nonpayment of dues, vote of Grand Lodge is not necessary to restore the membership. [1876, p.17]
Suspension for nonpayment of dues, the member has no right to visit the lodge, he has no right to charity or Masonic burial but he must depend for all these things on the voluntary courtesy of the brethren.
[1877, p. 455]
Suspension for nonpayment of dues shall not preclude the right of the lodge to deprive of membership and the latter can follow the former if the brother fails to pay up. [1891, p. 26]
Suspension for nonpayment of dues cannot take place until after due notice and an opportunity to be heard upon charges filed. [1894, p. 20]
A vote for payment of dues during suspension is void. [1894, p220]
Suspension for a definite time, a member is restored to the same position at the end of the period as he was before suspension. [1896, p. 51]
A suspended member for nonpayment of dues has no right to sit in his own or any other lodge but a lodge may permit him to visit [1900, p.20]
Deceased member suspended for nonpayment of dues cannot be restored to membership. [1904, p. 22]
Suspension for nonpayment of dues or forfeiture of membership are not the same. If it is the latter, requires a petition and ballot; the former, payment of arrears within three years restores to membership, after three years he must petition for reinstatement
[1877, p. 280; 1933, pp. 24, 58; 1937, pp. 104, 105]
Suspension for definite time by Grand Lodge, petition for reinstatement need not come back to Grand Lodge. He need only apply to his lodge.
[1944, p. 604]
On October 13, 1965 a brother was suspended by the Grand Master in accordance with Section 14 of the Constitution, effective until the Annual Communication in May 1966. The matter was referred to the Trial Commission which reported that it was unable to obtain proper service on the accused and recommended that said suspension be continued until final hearing and action by Grand Lodge. This recommendation was adopted by Grand Lodge. 1966 Proceedings page 29, 292. The Secretary of the lodge concerned, in filing his annual return, excluded the name of this brother from the list of members of the lodge and listed him as suspended. The question was raised whether or not it was proper procedure. The Secretary was correct. In his return for both years 1965 and 1966, it was proper to list this brother as suspended, which was in accord with the facts.
See S.R. 70
THE TEXT BOOK.
The Maine Masonic Text Book is the only authorized monitorial work in this jurisdiction.
See “LODGE TRESTLE BOARD”
PROCEDURE; THE LODGE.
See Cons. 49.
When a lodge is tried, all its members are tried. [1863, p. 302]
PROCEDURE; GRAND LODGE.
See Cons. 49.
Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to prevent the Grand Lodge from taking original jurisdiction in any case and proceeding according to any method which it may adopt; provided, however, that no action shall be taken against any Brother whose address is known without reasonable notice to him and an opportunity to appear and be heard in person or by Masonic Counsel. [1931, p. 467]
For full directions for proceedings in cases of nonpayment of dues, see Chapter XVIII (Text Book).
Proceedings, in cases of trial for nonpayment of dues, need not be sent up to the Grand Lodge for review. [1876, p. 17]
See DEPOSITION; DIMIT; JURISDICTION, MEMBERSHIP; OFFENSE; PUNISHMENT; SUSPENSION AND EXPULSION; WITNESS.
IN GRAND LODGE.
See Cons. 14, 36 (3), 45, 46, 47,48, 49, 55, 56, 57.
Neither the accuser nor the accused should be present when the vote is taken. [1860, p. 106]
It becomes known to a lodge that a member of another lodge residing in this jurisdiction becomes liable to charges for Masonic conduct The duty of that lodge is to complain to the lodge of which the accused is a member and then, if that lodge refuses or neglects to proceed against him, it should proceed to try him itself. The lodge which first commenced proceedings would have jurisdiction in the case. [1861, p. 150]
When a Mason is tried by a lodge, the charges and the proceedings thereon should be entered on the records of the lodge. The evidence should not be transcribed but the secretary should reduce to writing the substance of it and send an attested copy, with the other papers, to the Grand Lodge.
On a trial of a Mason for revealing out of a lodge what is done in it, persons not Masons to whom it is alleged the accused has made statements of the doings of the lodge are competent witnesses to prove what statements were made. They may be called by the prosecutor or by the accused to rebut the testimony against him. [1862, p. 231]
The filing of charges against a member of a lodge does not affect his right to vote upon other questions. Presumption of the innocence continues until he is pronounced guilty by the lodge after a regular trial but he has no right to vote upon any question relating to the trial while it is in progress. He cannot vote in his own case. [1862, p. 231]
A lodge under dispensation has no jurisdiction to try charges against a Mason even though he is one of those named in the dispensation. Such charges for unmasonic conduct towards the lodge should be filed with the Grand Master, who has authority to act upon them. [1862, p. 233]
A Mason cannot be tried for general bad character but only for specific acts of unmasonic conduct [1862, p. 233
In the absence of any regulation of the Grand Lodge or of a subordinate
lodge, the counsel of the accused may vote upon all questions arising during the trial and on the final question of guilty or not guilty.
[1863, p. 303]
After a lodge on due trial has suspended a brother, it can (before that suspension has been confirmed by the Grand Lodge) restore him if, on further reflection and investigation, they are satisfied that they have been unnecessarily severe, and this they can do by a two-thirds vote; but if the friends of a suspended Mason wish to do this, notice should be given to all the brethren that on such an evening the matter will be brought up for the decision of the lodge so that no unfair advantage shall be taken of absent brethren who did not know that any such action was proposed to be had.
[1864, p. 15]
Charges may be filed with the Secretary, out of the Lodge, and the Master may fix a time for the trial and order notice to the accused without waiting for a meeting of the Lodge to receive the charges. [1863, p. 320]
A profane may be a witness at a Masonic trial. [1871, p. 224]
No member of a lodge can be suspended, expelled or in any other way deprived of his membership in his lodge without due notice to him and trial as provided in the Constitution of the Grand Lodge and any provision that in any case he shall cease to be a member or his name be stricken from the roll can only be construed to mean after notice and trial. [1861, p. 177]
See CHAPTER XIX, TEXT BOOK
TWENTY-FIVE YEAR PIN.
Standing Regulation No.44 does not require a member to have twenty-five consecutive years without interruption in order to qualify for the twenty-five year service button, so long as he has a total of twenty-five years membership in good standing. [1967, p. 463]
The Constitution does not require the Tyler to vote upon the application of candidates; but at elections and upon applications of candidates, if a member of the lodge, he should be permitted to vote if he desire, the Master designating some other brother to Tyler while he is absent from his station.
[1889, p. 334]
See S. R. 37.
An unaffiliate is a mason whose membership in a regular lodge has been severed on account of a penalty imposed for a Masonic offense, or one who has withdrawn from membership in the Order.
An unaffiliated mason is subject to Masonic discipline, and remains under those obligations, which can never be repudiated, or laid aside. He has no Masonic right save that of petitioning for reinstatement or restoration under such regulations as surround his separation from the Order.
Unaffiliation, although not a Masonic offense, is discussed.
[1862, Appendix 10]
When a lodge ceased to exist, its members then became unaffiliated.
[1865, p. 96]
An unaffiliated member has the same position with the Grand Lodge as does a member of a lodge. [1883, p. 513]
Unaffiliated member not entitled to become an honorary member. Masonic relief for self, for family, Masonic burial, right to visit lodges or participate in Masonic labors or ceremonies; discussed in. [1897, p. 197].
When a charter is revoked, the members of a lodge become unaffiliated members. [1897, p.231]
The unwritten law of Masonry consists of those time-honored customs and uses of Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons, of general recognition, which are not repugnant to the written law of the Grand Lodge of Maine.
See Cons. 96.
See S. R. 26.
If a Brother has been a member in good standing for fifty years, five of which include membership in a Maine lodge, he is entitled to receive the Medal; however, any and all years during which he was under suspension or demitted shall not be counted in arriving at the requisite number of years. If the Brother became a member more than fifty years before applying for the Medal and he has an aggregate number of years in good standing, not under suspension or dimit, equaling fifty years, even though the period of his membership may have been interrupted by suspension or dimit, he is entitled to receive the Veteran’s Medal. [1955, p. 518]
A request was made for the presentation of the Grand Lodge of Maine Veteran’s Medal to the widow of a deceased brother who had died six months prior to his having attained fifty years as a Master Mason in good standing. To present this medal in less than the stipulated time and to a Non-Mason lessened the honor and distinction, which attaches to this medal. [1967, p. 462]
See S. R 6,30. Cons. Sec. 107.
The right is not absolute or inalienable.
There is no reason why a colored man who has been made a Mason in a lodge which we recognized as a regular and duly constituted lodge should not be admitted to the lodges in this jurisdiction after due examination.
[1865, p. 84]
No visitor should be admitted against the objection of a member, although no reasons therefore are given.
[1866, p. 155; 1875, p. 528; 1876, p. 16; 1877, p. 280]
It is a sufficient reason for refusing to admit a visitor that he had been rejected by the lodge and had never received its consent to be made in another lodge. [1866, p. 156]
A Master may call off his lodge and examine a visitor in presence of the members, for the purpose of instruction, using due care. [1871, p. 224]
The right of objection to a visitor is a personal right, and can be exercised
only by one present at the lodge, and before the lodge is opened or before the introduction of the visitor. [1882, p. 16]
A member coming into the lodge after it is opened cannot exclude a visitor who has been already admitted. 1882, p. 16]
See CHARTER; MEMBERSHIP.
The right of visitation discussed and new resolution passed.
[1857, p. 219; 1858, p. 413]
Avouchment of visitors. [1860, p. 112]
A Master should not unseat a member of his lodge by admitting a brother who is not a member, if the member has notified the Worshipful Master that he objects to the non-member’s admission although he did not state the nature of his objection. [1866, p. 155]
It is a sufficient reason for refusing to allow a person to visit your lodge if he has been rejected in it and has never received its consent to take the degrees elsewhere. [1866, p. 156]
A visitor cannot be admitted if the member objects before or after the examination. [1876, p. 16]
A member who is intoxicated, insane, or in any other condition, which would disturb the lodge, can be refused admission by the Master. He cannot be refused for any other reason. [1877, p. 280; 1878, p. 566]
Objection to a visitor must be made before the meeting opens or the visitor is introduced. Visitation is a right, subordinate to the right of the member in his own lodge. Objection must be made at each meeting.
[1882, p. 15]
Procedure for the examination of visitors. [1939, p. 543]
A brother visiting a lodge has a right to see the charter before he submits himself to examination. [1861, p. 149]
See Cons. 111.
A vote that is in violation of fundamental Masonic principles is not binding upon a lodge. (But it should be repealed for a matter of record.)
[1902, p. 22]
A vote decided by the Grand Master to be illegal should be so recorded with the notation of the Grand Master’s ruling. [1874, p. 274]
A vote can be rescinded or repealed but it cannot be reconsidered at a subsequent meeting. [1876, p. 16]
A vote recommending a rejected candidate or waiving jurisdiction should specify the lodge to which he should apply.
[1876, p. 17]
WAR RELIEF FUND.
See S. R. 53
Can a Warden preside and open a lodge in the presence of the Master? The answer is not as Warden, but the Master may call upon any brother to preside in his presence and under his direction, he being responsible for all that is done in the same manner as if he were actually in the chair.
[1861, p. 150]
Waiver or consent may be applied for by the candidate or the lodge to which he intends to apply. [1871, p.224]
A waiver must be to a certain lodge. [1872, p. 466]
A waiver is granted. The candidate is accepted and fails to take the degree within the year. The waiver is still good. [1901, p. 198]
A waiver can have no conditions attached, otherwise it is no good.
[1902, p. 21]
A waiver of jurisdiction is good until it is withdrawn. [1914, p. 25]
A waiver from a foreign jurisdiction can have no conditions attached.
[1945, p. 13]
By vote of Grand Lodge the Optional use of the Wayfaring Man was reinstated in the Second Section of the Master Mason Degree and the Committee on Ritual will prepare a suitable dialogue to be used and a set of controls for its proper use. [1982, p. 241]
WIDOWS AND ORPHANS.
The widows and orphans of a mason are only those who hold these relations legitimately under the laws of the state. [1879, p. 10]
When a Masonic widow remarries and the man she marries is not a Mason, she is no longer entitled to any Masonic benefits. However, when her husband that was a Mason died, she was entitled to receive a Widow’s Pin. Even though one was not presented at that time, she is still entitled to receive one in memory of her then Masonic husband. [2004, pg. 893]
See Cons. 49 (g).
Any person of sufficient intelligence may be a witness on a Masonic trial.
On trial of a mason for improper revelations to persons not masons, they are competent witnesses on either side, to show what statements were made. [1862, p.231]
A profane may be a witness. [1871, p. 224]
See DEPOSITION; EVIDENCE.
See Cons. 112-132 inc. S. R. 25.
A person residing within the jurisdiction of a lodge, who receives the first degree abroad and then petitions the home lodge for the remaining degrees, must take the first degree, precisely as if he had never taken it, the work of the foreign lodge is not recognized in this state, unless the Grand Jurisdiction in which the degrees were conferred is in fraternal relations with the Grand Lodge of Maine. [1886, p. 342]
There is no limit to the time within which the other degrees may be conferred upon one who has received the first.
[1894, p. 20; 1900, p. 19; 1901, p. 198]
A Master may call any brother to preside in his presence and under his direction, but not otherwise. [1900, p. 20]
EAL APPLICATION; MASTER; QUORUM.
Courtesy work if done according to the laws of a foreign state is proper even though contrary to our Masonic law. [1929, p. 40]